William Sanders Scarborough Unpublished Typescript on African Americans in the Spanish American War, Wilberforce University, 1898

SCARBOROUGH, William Sanders (1852-1926). The Negro in the Spanish-American War. Wilberforce, Ohio: unpublished, 1898.

Folio (201 x 250 mm), unbound typed manuscript, 11 pp. (Even toning, else fine).


TLS, 1 p., 216 x 278 mm, Wilberforce University, Vice President’s Office, November 14, 1898. From William Sanders Scarborough to Mr. Shaw. With an ANS postscript, 1 p., 199 x 132 mm.

Born into slavery in Macon, Georgia, William Sanders Scarborough managed to surreptitiously gain an education. Upon gaining his freedom after the Civil War, he attended high school and went on to graduate from Oberlin College in 1875, returning to complete a master’s degree. In 1877, he became the first African American professional Classics scholar when he became a professor at Wilberforce University in Ohio. He led a distinguished career becoming the vice president and appointed president by 1908.

This interesting manuscript is a brief, approximately 4000-word exploration of the African Americans who served in the Spanish-American War, including their participation in the storied Battle of San Juan Hill. Corrections in pen are throughout, unclear if made by Scarborough or another. An accompanying typed letter signed by Scarborough indicates that the article was intended for publication in Mr. Shaw’s “Review,” but there is no indication that it ever saw print. A fascinating manuscript on Buffalo Soldiers by one of the most prominent black scholars of the day.


Toning to edge of TLS, with some chipping. Typed manuscript with even toning, else very fine. 

Estimate: $2,000 - $4,000
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