.58 RF, 33.5" barrel (36" to breech face) retained by two flat, spring-retained barrel bands, no S/N. Bright finish, case hardened breech block, smooth walnut stock. Lock marked U.S./SPRINGFIELD and with eagle, dated 1863 at tail. No barrel proofs, weak script ESA in an oval cartouche on counterpane as well as a barely legible script SWP in a rectangle with rounded corners. Model 1864 pattern rear sight, M1861 pattern ramrod/cleaning rod, two sling swivels; upper swivel may be a replacement. Only 5,000 full-length, three-barrel band M1865 "1st Allin" Conversion rifles were produced circa 1865, using most of the components from surplus US .58 caliber Rifle Muskets. Records indicate that 270 were altered for cadet use by shorting the barrel to an overall length of 36" (to breechface). The middle band was removed, and the accompanying band spring hole was filled. The upper band was relocated to its new position further back and a sling swivel stud was added to it. This gun shows the correct arsenal work to be one of the 270 guns so altered, including the remnants of the secondary SWP inspection cartouche applied after the alteration. A very scarce example of the first US military metallic cartridge cadet rifle.
Very good. Metal with a dull pewter patina, breech block retaining some nice dull blue-black color. Markings clear in metal, more worn in wood. Mechanically functional, very good bore that needs to be cleaned. Stock with wear and numerous handling marks, cartouches weak. A piece of wood has been replaced forward of the lock, under the breech block. The quality of the work, as well as the patina suggest it may be an arsenal repair, but is almost certainly from the period of use.
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