[US COLORED TROOPS] GEDDES, Andrew. Signed military roster for the 40th Infantry Regiment, USCT, 1869.

Roster of Officers, 40th United States Infantry, 1867 (2pp), Sept. 1, 1868 (signed by D.B. Wilson - 1p), January 1, 1869, signed by Andrew Geddes (1p).

Geddes enlisted in the 1st Iowa Infantry in May of 1861. He rose to the rank of Lieutenant Colonel in the Volunteer Army and was mustered out in April 1866. He then was commissioned 1st Lieut. in the 40th Infantry of the Regular Army in June 1867, eventually rising to captain in 1878.

Andrew Geddes is known for being part of the longest court-martial in the U.S. Army. In 1879, on a remote west Texas military base, Geddes accused a fellow officer, Louis Orleman, of having sex with his (Orleman's) teen-aged daughter. The army quickly charged Geddes, not Orleman, with "conduct unbecoming a gentleman." Orleman was planning to retaliate by accusing Geddes of trying to seduce his daughter. Geddes was convicted, but the charges set aside by the highest judge advocate in the army, General William Tecumseh Sherman got involved and kept digging until he found something with which to dismiss Geddes from the army - drunk while on duty. Part of the reason Geddes was charged was that at the time, it was inconceivable that a high ranking officer would commit incest.

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