Columbian Centinel. Boston, MA: Benjamin Russell, March 14, 1801. Vol. XXXV. No. 4. 4pp, 12 x 20 in. This issue contains an inside page headline, "President Jefferson's Speech," with a complete printing of Thomas Jefferson's first inaugural speech. In addition, the issue includes a lengthy, detailed news report of Jefferson's first inauguration, which was held on Wednesday, March 4, 1801.
Jefferson's presidency began with a much-disputed election, where, after a tie in the Electoral College, the House of Representatives voted 36 times before electing Jefferson over Aaron Burr, who would become Vice President. The more conservative party in the US at the time, the Federalist party, viewed Jefferson, a Democratic-Republican, as a radical and a threat to the fate of the country. Following the controversial win and subsequent transfer of executive power from the Federalist party to the Democratic-Republican Party, Jefferson's inauguration was held, for the first time, in Washington. During his relatively brief speech, Jefferson addressed this transfer of power, stating, "We are all republicans; we are all federalists." Through this now famous quote, printed on page two, column two of the newspaper, Jefferson sought to heal the partisan wounds of the previous election and appeal to the nation's grand sense of unity and fresh spirit of Americanism.
Some scattered spotting. Partial separation along central fold, with some short tears/areas of loss along the fold. Some corner and edge wear to pages.
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