110

The Pacific Appeal Newspaper, San Francisco, 1877

The Pacific Appeal, San Francisco. Thirty-one issues from 1876-1878. According to the publisher's statement: "The Pacific Appeal is the immediate successor of the Mirror of the Times, which was established by colored men in San Francisco...The Pacific Appeal has long been regarded on the Pacific Coast, as also in the Eastern States, as a reliable index of the doings of the colored citizens of the Pacific States and adjacent Territories. Every important political or other movement made by colored citizens on the Pacific shores is promptly detailed by correspondents."

The Mirror of the Times was a weekly paper published between 1857 and 1862 in San Francisco by the State Executive Committee. It was superseded, as mentioned here by the Pacific Appeal in 1862 by African American abolitionist Philip Alexander Bell (1808-1889) who had worked for William Lloyd Garrison's anti-slavery newspaper The Liberator as a young man. He founded The Weekly Advocate in 1832, later renamed the Colored American, and moved west to San Francisco in 1860. The Pacific Appeal would run weekly until 1880.

The masthead notes dozens of agents from eastern states and a wide variety of western American and Canadian cities showing the widespread circulation of the paper. Locales include Portland, Oregon; Eureka and Winnemucca, Nevada; Williams Creek and New Westminster, British Columbia; Idaho Territory, and many California cities such as Sacramento, Salinas City, Watsonville, Oakland, Oroville, Mariposa, Sonora, and Folsom.

Issues here include: [1876] June 3 (Vol. XII, No. 43), June 10 (Vol XII, No. 44), June 24 (Vol. XII, No. 46), Aug. 5 (Vol. XIV, No. 1), Aug. 26 (Vol. XIV, No. 5), Sept. 30 (XIV, No. 9), Nov. 4 (XIV, No. 14), Nov. 18 (Vol. XIV, No. 16), Dec. 23 (Vol. XIV, No. 21); [1877] Jan. 13 (Vol. XIV, No. 24), Feb. 3 (Vol. XIV, No. 27), Aug. 25 (Vol. XV, No. 4), Sept. 15 (Vol. XV, No. 4), Sept. 22 (Vol. XV, No. 5), Sept. 29 (Vol. XV, No. 6), Oct. 6 (Vol. XV, No. 7); [1878] Feb. 16 (Vol. XV, No. 26), Feb. 23 (Vol. XV, No. 26), Mar. 2 (Vol. XV, No. 27), Mar. 9 (Vol. XV, No. 29), Mar. 16 (Vol. XV, No. 30), Mar. 23 (Vol. XV, No. 31), Mar. 30 (Vol. XV, No. 32), Apr. 6 (Vol. XV, No. 33), Apr. 20 (Vol. XV, No. 35), May 4 (Vol. XV, No. 37), May 18 (Vol. XV, No. 39), June 1 (Vol. XV, No. 41), June 8 (Vol. XV, No. 42), July 6 (Vol. XV, No. 46), July 20 (Vol. XV, No. 46).

During the summer of 1876, there was major coverage of the "Hamburg Massacre." This was an event in the town of Hamburg, South Carolina in July, leading up to the election that year. This and others involved white "rifle clubs," then known as "Red Shirts," trying to suppress the civil rights of African Americans. In Hamburg, over 100 white men attacked 30 African American National Guards, eventually killing six men and wounding several more. None of the white men were prosecuted, in part because no jury could be seated that would convict them. Civil rights of South Carolinian minorities were suppressed by a new state constitution until the 1960s federal legislation was passed that negated the state laws. Original issues of The Pacific Appeal are uncommon and rarely come to market. Danky-Handy 3850, 4686.

Condition:

Variable condition. Many of the 1878 issues with browning and edge chipping, more so than the other years.

Starting Price: $1,500
Estimate: $3,000 - $5,000
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