Africo-Tubercular Sanatorium pinback button. Caption "The Africo-Tubercular Sanatorium / Silver City, N.M. / For Our Colored People / Help the Cause / Near Ft. Bayard" surrounds illustration of a mountainous backdrop before which sit two larger buildings and over a dozen tent-like structures. Circa 1910. Diam.: 1.5 in.
Starting in roughly 1899, Fort Bayard was operating as an Army Medical Department Sanatorium for veterans and service members with tuberculosis. In nearby Silver City, multiple sanatoriums were operating by the early 1900s. The Fort Sumner Review, of Fort Sumner, New Mexico, noted the opening of the Africo-Tubercular Sanatorium in a January 14, 1911, article, stating that the institution was "dedicated to the treatment of colored patients exclusively, and on this account it is probably the first of its kind to be established in this country." An exceedingly scarce pinback.
Enamel cracked, light stain; verso oxidized.
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