[SLAVERY & ABOLITION]. Ledger Documenting Bequeathment of Enslaved Peoples, ca 1839-1840.

6 1/2 x 14 3/4 in. ledger with marbled paper boards, leather spine, 104pp., 14pp. of which are utilized (wear, spine damaged at top, pages cut). Ledger contains "Memorandum of the amount Paid to Each of my Children Toward Their Legacies" with accompanying pages identifying ten children by name along with associated inheritance. Listed along with property such as horses, cows, beds, and land, are the names of 18 enslaved men, women, and children and their "value." 

The author of the ledger is not identified, however, family names contained within indicate the likely owner of the ledger was Virginia slaveholder Samuel Williams (1769-1840) of Smyth County, Virginia. Williams married Sarah Buster (ca 1776-1836) in 1795 and together they had at least ten children, all of which are identified within the ledger pages. The 1830 Federal Census indicates Williams enslaved 13 persons. Williams was not captured in the 1840 Census, likely due to his death in that same year. The 1850 Federal Slave Schedules indicate that Samuel Williams's children continued to enslave large numbers of African Americans well after the death of their father. 

Provenance:Property from the Collection of Eric Majette Jr.

Estimate: $600 - $800
Price Realized Including Buyer's Premium

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