June 20, 2013 08:00 PM EDT Cincinnati


63

Sergeant Fayette M. Paine, Co. A, 17th Maine-WIA Gettysburg, Tintype & CDV

Tintype portrait depicts Paine in nine button frock coat having 1st Sergeant chevrons, holding his kepi showing brass A over 17. The CDV of the mustachioed 1st Sergeant Frederick Mace Paine (1843-1898) is a different pose of the same man identified in older ink on verso, ostensibly by a descendant, as, Fayette M. Paine/Taken before he/was married. No back mark. Later penciled notations in the hand of a modern collector refer to Paine’s military record, specifically, enlisted as Private 7/62: promoted Sergeant 8/62; promoted 1st Sergeant 1863; WIA Gettysburg (7/2/63); WIA Spotsylvania (5/12/65). Promoted 2nd Lieut., Co. B, 1/65; Promoted 1st Lieut., Co. G, 6/65; transferred to 1st Maine HA 6/65; m/o 9/65. Later lived and farmed in Illinois. Member of GAR Post #475 (McCullough) in Earlville, Illinois. Married Sarah Jane 1867; d. 5/30/98.

17th Maine, 3rd Brigade, 1st Division, 3rd Corps

The 17th Maine was organized at Camp King, Cape Elizabeth in August 1862 and was initially assigned to Washington Defenses. The regiment served in the 3rd Corps beginning in October 1862 and was transferred to the 2nd Corps in March 1864. During its entire term of service with the Army of the Potomac, the 17th Maine bore a conspicuous role in every battle in which it participated, having suffered commensurately. At Fredericksburg the regiment endured punishing Confederate artillery fire, and while at Chancellorsville, the 17th was in the thick of the furious fighting that befell Sickles’ Corps on May 3rd, losing over 70 men.

At Gettysburg, the 17th Maine of de Trobriand’s brigade bore a prominent role in the defense of the Wheatfield on July 2nd before finding itself unsupported and outflanked by Kershaw’s onslaught. Ordered to withdraw, the remnants of the exhausted regiment held a thin line with the 5th Michigan for a tenuous 45 minutes before elements of the 2nd Corps came up in support. The two-hour fight had cost the intrepid regiment over 100 casualties, in exchange for immortality.

Far from fought-out, the 17th Maine joined in Grant’s Overland Campaign and was quickly gutted at the Wilderness and Spotsylvania. In a series of almost daily battles lasting over a month—from May 5 to June 7—the regiment lost 260 men before going into the trenches at Petersburg. The 17th Maine was engaged without respite until the very end of the war suffering 15 killed and wounded during the last major battle fought by the Army of the Potomac at Sailors Creek. After the satisfaction of witnessing the surrender of Lee’s army at Appomattox, the valiant regiment mustered out June 4, 1865, having sustained over 200 killed and wounded.

Provenance:The Tom MacDonald Maine Civil War CDV Collection

Condition:Sixth plate tintype without case lacking retainer and glass. Plate exhibits minor bends accentuated when viewed at an angle. Also, a 0.75" horizontal surface scratch staring at Paine’s cuff moving downward across his leg. Some scattered insignificant abrasions in the field. Image is bright with EXC clarity. CDV is VG with lower corners clipped.

Estimate: $700 - $900
Price Realized Including Buyer's Premium
$1,293
06/21/2013

 

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