Rivington's New-York Gazeteer; or the Connecticut, Hudson's River, New-Jersey, and Quebec Weekly Advertiser. Hanover-Square, NY: James Rivington, September 15, 1774. No. 74. 4pp, 11.25 x 18.25 in.
Remarkable Colonial-era newspaper title printed less than a year before the start of the Revolutionary War. This issue covers local reactions to the Intolerable Acts, the punitive legal measures implemented in 1774 by the British Government following the Boston Tea Party. Also includes two inside page Proclamations signed in type by Thomas Oliver, the last Royal Lieutenant-Governor of Massachusetts Bay; a reference to the first Continental Congress, then convening in Philadelphia, PA; and a notice of reward for a runaway slave.
In response to the Acts, it was reported that the "Spirit of the people was never known to be so great since the first settlement of the colonies, as it is at this time. People in the country, for hundreds of miles, are prepared to 'DIE or be FREE,'" an early employ of the patriotic slogan "live free or die." Another column from Boston details the sinking of a British cargo vessel: "A vessel failed from England for Portsmouth, in New Hampshire, with Capt. Tate, having on board two hundred chests of the accursed East India Tea."
Inside pages also feature two proclamations issued by Oliver related to his resignation. Reacting to the removal of colonial gunpowder stores from the Charlestown Powderhouse, a mob of colonists surrounded Oliver's house and demanded that he give up his post as Lieutenant Governor. He stepped down, saying: “My house in Cambridge being surrounded by about four thousand people, in compliance with their commands I sign my name.”
Among the public notices on page 2 is a notice of reward for the recovery of a runaway slave, pictured in colonial garb: "Ten Dollars Reward. Run Away on Friday. . . A Negro Man Named Will, about 27 years of age. . . somewhat of a yellow complexion. . .a lively fellow, very talkative; he has part of his right ear cut off. . . N.B. Masters of vessels are hereby warned not to carry off the above Negro."
Condition consistent with age of item, some brittleness/tearing at edges.
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