Richmond Armory Rifle Identified to the 10th Virginia Cavalry

.58 caliber, 33" round barrel, no SN. Bright finish, walnut stock, brass buttplate and nose cap. Medium hump lock marked C.S. / RICHMOND, VA forward of the hammer and dated 1864 vertically at the tail. Breech with no discernible date or proof marks. Rear sight with steady pin notch cut, no rear sight present. Correct Richmond style "pinched" front sight as found on Richmond short rifles and carbines. Richmond wood with lock mortise showing the correct "mules foot" and not cut for ramrod spoon. Brass buttplate and nose cap, which is secured by a single iron screw. Two barrel bands secured by springs, upper band with swivel stud ground off. Rear swivel broken off of triggerguard. Thin shank, tulip head iron ramrod with lap seam weld, likely period and possibly of Richmond production as well. Only about 1,300 33" rifles were produced at the Richmond Armory, making the short rifle the rarest of all Richmond produced long arms.

This rifle has descended directly through the family of Private John S. Churchman, of August County, Virginia.  Churchman was a 37-year-old farmer when he was mustered into Company A of the 10th Virginia Cavalry in October of 1864.  He was with the 10th for the remainder of the war, and was paroled on April 11, 1865 at Farmville, Virginia. During the period that Churchman was in service with the 10th, he would likely have seen combat in and around Petersburg, during the Valley Campaign of 1864 and the Appomattox campaign the following year.


Good attic condition. Metal is heavily oxidized with scattered surface pitting, impact marks, wear and a mostly brown patina. Lock with similar patina but the marks remain clear, no barrel marks present. Lock functional, bore fair with weak rifling and even pitting along its light. Brass buttplate and nose cap with a thick, dark patina. No rear sight, both sling swivels missing. Wood worn with numerous bumps, dings, and mars. Some wood loss along the forend and more significant loss around the breech plug tang. Ramrod will not seat fully due to an obstruction in the channel.

Estimate: $4,000 - $6,000
Price Realized Including Buyer's Premium

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