.58 caliber. 35.75" octagonal barrel secured by two wedges. SN: NSN. Blued finish, iron furniture, double-keyed half-stock. Barrel marked "S. HAWKEN ST. LOUIS". Partially legible mark on right side of barrel at stock line appears to end with "Reynolds & Co". Unmarked, single screw percussion lock is lightly engraved and equipped with double-set triggers. Typical Hawken from with double keyed half-stock with iron nose cap, scroll shaped iron triggerguard and iron butt plate and toe plate. Barrel mounted with a dovetailed semi-buckhorn fixed rear sight and a dovetailed German silver front sight blade. Heavy barrel measures 1.2" across the flats at the muzzle. Includes a heavy wooden ramrod that appears period with a threaded iron ferrule on the reverse.
No name is more synonymous with the rifles of the great plains and pre-Civil War western expansion than that of Hawken. Jacob Hawken moved to St. Louis from Hagerstown Maryland in 1818 and was followed by his younger brother Samuel in 1822. Jacob had learned the trade of gun making from his father Christian and also spent time working at the US Arsenal at Harpers Ferry. Initially the Hawken brothers appear to have focused more on traditional gunsmithing and repairs in St. Louis than firearms manufacturing. The earliest guns they produced would have certainly been flintlocks with percussion guns not becoming typical until the early 1830s. Early St. Louis Hawken-marked percussion rifles were brass mounted full-stock guns that followed the general form of the Pennsylvania type rifles they would have produced in Hagerstown. Subsequently the brothers introduced the prototypical "Plains Rifle", also referred at times as the "Rocky Mountain" rifle. These were typically very sturdy iron mounted large bore percussion rifles with double-set triggers that ranged from .52 to .60 caliber. They utilized heavy octagonal barrels that were typically 30" to 40" in length, normally measured at least 1.125" across the flats, were usually rifled with seven grooves and were often retained by two iron keys. The guns regularly utilized commercial locks marked by their makers or retailers. Fixed sights of the buckhorn rear and Rocky Mountain blade front were typical as well. These rifles were so perfectly adapted to the life of the mid-19th century plains hunter and mountain man that their popularity inspired a number of local gunmakers to offer guns of the same general pattern. Variations of the Hawken theme were produced by such famous St. Louis makers as Albright, Beauvais, Dimick and Gemmer.
Provenance:The Collection of Larry Ness
Good. Metal with a mottled brownish gray patina with scattered surface roughness and some pitting. Clear markings on barrel, mechanically functional lock, good bore is dark, dirty and moderately pitted with deep rifling. The rifle was professionally restocked by Robert Browner with both ramrod pipes and wedges replaced. The other furniture appears to be original to the rifle.
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