Fragment of Civil War regimental flag believed to be from the 45th Massachusetts Regiment, 15.25 x 10.25 in. Framed, 20.5 x 15.5 in. On the reverse is a copy of an obituary of George P. Ladd, who owned this flag and the map offered as Lot 191. Interestingly, he was a successful businessman in New Orleans at the onset of the war and as a staunch Union supporter was jailed a number of times and finally told to either join the Confederacy or go North. He went North.
The 45th Massachusetts, a nine-month regiment, which was organized in the fall of 1862, constituted part of the garrison at New Bern, NC, with Company G detached to nearby Fort Macon. The 45th saw action at Kingston on December 14, 1862, losing 15 killed and 43 wounded, and was engaged at Whitehall the next day suffering another 20 casualties. During the winter and spring, the 45th MA was employed on several scouts and expeditions and saw action at Core Creek on April 28, losing one killed and four wounded storming a Confederate fortification.
Based on what remains of the flag and the dimensions, this may be one of two marker flags used by the 45th Massachusetts. Marker flags were used on each flank of the regiment in line of battle. Along with the main colors, the two markers were also used to form the regiment into line with the main colors and two markers being set first and then the companies forming along those. Other than the drill manuals of the time, not much has been written of marker flags. Our sincere thanks to Greg Biggs for this detailed information.
Rips, thin spots, repairs, but presents well.
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