247

Military Receipt from Fort Pickering, TN for Arms to Arkansas Indians

Includes a note on 3" x 6.5" laid paper reading Issue to a Party of the Arkansaw [sic] Indians Twenty four Flints - Fort Pickering, 1st Novem. 1798. The Conductr. of Military Stores; and a 6.25" x 7.5" manuscript note reading The United States To William Cain for carrying General Orders to the different Commanders of Regiments of West Tennessee Militia by order of Brigadeir [sic] Genl. Thomas Washing[ton], certificate herewith accompanying 3 1/2 days...c $2 per day...$7.00 Nashville September 5th 1814 Received of William B. Lewis Deputy Quarter Master Seven Dollars in full of the above account signed duplicates. William Cain. Washington (1759-1818) was elected General of the 9th Brigade, Tennessee militia, in April 1812. William B. Lewis, a close confidant of Jackson who, during the War of 1812, served as Jackson's Assistant Deputy Quartermaster and later in Jackson's "Kitchen Cabinet".

Just after the founding of the new nation, the primary policy regarding native populations, particularly in the western areas, was to keep them peaceful (both between tribes and with settlers) until a more comprehensive policy could be established. Gift giving was one of those elements used to keep the peace.

The history and sequence of forts on Chickasaw Bluffs is a bit confusing. A series of forts were built in the area in the late 1790s, and Fort Pickering may have been a replacement for Fort Adams. The Chickasaw Bluffs location was critical for control of the Mississippi, and there appears to have been a defensive structure there since Europeans entered the area, with a Spanish fort preceding Fort Adams. Use of the fort by the army ended in 1814 with the end of the War of 1812. The site then became the location of the Chickasaw Indian Agency from 1814 to 1818. It seems to have been abandoned until being reinforced during the Civil War.

A Southeastern rarity.

Condition:Both with light even toning; 2nd with separation at central fold, VG+ & VG-.

Estimate: $600 - $800
Price Realized Including Buyer's Premium
$323
06/11/2010

 

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