June 20, 2013 08:00 PM EDT Cincinnati


Major Charles P. Mattocks, 17th Maine-CMOH Sayler's Creek, CDV

Also Bvt. Brig. General Charles P. Mattocks. An unsigned view of the valorous Charles Porter Mattocks (1840-1910) who was commissioned 1st Lieut., Co. A., 8/62; promoted Capt. 12/62 and commanded the company at Gettysburg. He was advanced to Major 12/63 (this view); POW Wilderness (5/5/64), confined at Macon and Columbia Prison; escaped Columbia 11/28/64; brevetted Brig. General 3/13/65 for “faithful and meritorious service.” Brevetted Col. 4/9/65 “for gallant and meritorious service in the recent campaign terminating in the surrender…of Robert E. Lee.” Promoted Colonel 5/65; m/o 6/65.

Mattocks was awarded a CMOH on 5/29/99 “for extraordinary gallantry in leading his regiment in a charge which resulted in the capture of nearly 200 prisoners and a stand of colors at Sailors Creek, Va., 4/6/65.” During the Spanish-American War, Mattocks was appointed Brig. General of Volunteers 6/98; discharged 10/98.

17th Maine, 3rd Brigade, 1st Division, 3rd Corps

The 17th Maine was organized at Camp King, Cape Elizabeth in August 1862 and was initially assigned to Washington Defenses. The regiment served in the 3rd Corps beginning in October 1862 and was transferred to the 2nd Corps in March 1864. During its entire term of service with the Army of the Potomac, the 17th Maine bore a conspicuous role in every battle in which it participated, having suffered commensurately. At Fredericksburg the regiment endured punishing Confederate artillery fire, and while at Chancellorsville, the 17th was in the thick of the furious fighting that befell Sickles’ Corps on May 3rd, losing over 70 men.

At Gettysburg, the 17th Maine of de Trobriand’s brigade bore a prominent role in the defense of the Wheatfield on July 2nd before finding itself unsupported and outflanked by Kershaw’s onslaught. Ordered to withdraw, the remnants of the exhausted regiment held a thin line with the 5th Michigan for a tenuous 45 minutes before elements of the 2nd Corps came up in support. The two-hour fight had cost the intrepid regiment over 100 casualties, in exchange for immortality.

Far from fought-out, the 17th Maine joined in Grant’s Overland Campaign and was quickly gutted at the Wilderness and Spotsylvania. In a series of almost daily battles lasting over a month—from May 5 to June 7—the regiment lost 260 men before going into the trenches at Petersburg. The 17th Maine was engaged without respite until the very end of the war suffering 15 killed and wounded during the last major battle fought by the Army of the Potomac at Sailors Creek. After the satisfaction of witnessing the surrender of Lee’s army at Appomattox, the valiant regiment mustered out June 4, 1865, having sustained over 200 killed and wounded.

Provenance:The Tom MacDonald Maine Civil War CDV Collection

Condition:CDV is slightly trimmed at top with dented corners and light edge wear, about G+.

Estimate: $450 - $550
Price Realized Including Buyer's Premium


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