MANUSCRIPT LEAF TORAH - YEMAN cc 1500: EXODUS 34:23 - 36:25, FRAMED UNDER GLASS.
Leaf is 15 3/4 by 20 1/2 inches; framed under glass - 24 by 29 inches.
The Yemenite scroll of the Torah is traditionally written on 51 lines to each column, differing from Ashkenazi and Sephardic scrolls that are almost exclusively made of 42 lines to each column. Unique to Yemenite scrolls, based on what is prescribed in their codices, is that each column concludes with the end of a particular verse and begins with the start of a new verse; never broken in the middle. Each column starts afresh, excepting in only six designated places, whose mnenomics are בי"ה שמ"ו (see infra), where the columns in these places begin in the middle of a verse. These six places (five places when בראשית of Gen. 1:1 is excluded, since it is only used to form the mnemonic) are the only exceptions to the rule, and which practice is intended to ensure uniformity and exactness in the scribal practice and layout in the Sefer Torah throughout all generations. Yemenite scrolls comprise a total of 226 columns and which average width of each column is approximately four finger-breadths, usually 9.3 centimetres (3.7 in), with a space of 3.7 centimetres (1.5 in) between columns. Columns containing the Prosaic Songs are considerably wider to facilitate the writing of the song in its usual format. For the Prosaic Song Ha'azinu, the first column which contains the song is made ca. 14 centimetres (5.5 in) in width, while the second column that concludes the song is made ca. 14.9 centimetres (5.9 in) in width. For the Prosaic Song of the Sea the column measures approximately 14 centimetres (5.5 in) in width. The sheets of parchment used in making the scroll measure approximately 54.7 centimetres (21.5 in) in length (from top to bottom), although varying in width, with at least three columns to each sheet. Most are made with full-grain leather, that is, leather where the "split" layer has not been removed from it. In Yemen, the custom was to treat the raw hide with a tannin-solution made from the leaves of Acacia etbaica (Arabic: qarāḍ) to ensure the leather's lasting durability. This also gave to the leather a reddish-brown luster. The sheets of parchment were traditionally sewn together with sinews (tendons) taken from the animal's loins (flanks), rather than from the animal's heels (the latter being prescribed by Maimonides).
Normal wear and "curling" at corners, otherwise Excellent; not examined outside the frame.
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