Johnson's Island POW, Oswald Tilghman, Scrapbook of Quotations Compiled at the Prison Camp, 1864, Plus

Lot of 3 items related to Oswald Tilghman (1841-1932), of Talbot County, MD. He was a descendant of Tench Tilghman, who served as secretary and aide to George Washington during the Revolutionary War. From 1894-1896, Oswald Tilghman served as the Maryland Secretary of State. Tilghman joined the Terry Texas Rangers about 1862 and was captured by the Union and held prisoner for one year on Johnson’s Island.

The lot features A Scrap Book of Quotations, compiled by Oswald Tilghman, Johnson’s Island, Ohio Prison Camp, Block 9, February 1864. Approx. 59 pages of handwritten quotations, poems, Revolutionary War statistics and other items of interest written or gathered by Tilghman while imprisoned on Johnson’s Island. This is unique, and is much more than a Johnson’s Island autograph book. Maybe not surprisingly, two themes run through many entries - love and death. There is an entry on the Death of Brigadier General Charles H. Winder, "The Soldier's Deathbed," etc. But then there is also "Goober Peas." The notebook is filled right to the rear pastedown. There are even occasional short crisscross entries on full pages.

Photograph, 4.5 x 6.5 in., on 10 x 8 in., mount, of Oswald Tilghman on the Capitol steps as Maryland Secretary of State with Governor Frank Brown and two senior military officers. Major foxing.

Memoir of Lieut. Col. Tench Tilghman (Albany, 1876). Brown cloth over beveled boards, gilt lettering front and spine. Approximately 20 of the total 176 pages have glued articles from newspapers or other books superimposed over the text of the book. Someone has traced Tench Tilghman's portrait on the tissue cover. Otherwise, in good condition.


Autograph book with handling wear as expected. A few breaks in the text block, and part of spine missing.

Tilghman book with heavy shelfwear. Text block cocked.

Estimate: $1,500 - $2,500


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