January 30, 2020 12:00 PM EST Cincinnati
Ends February 10, 2020


Hessian Prisoners of War, MS Detailing Fate of German Troops Detained During the American Revolutionary War

Manuscript document, 1p, 8.75 x 8 in., "Frederick Town," Maryland. July 28, 1782. Report of number of prisoners detained at the Fredericktown Barracks during the Revolutionary War, organized by rank and regiment. Notation to lower margin accounts for the "80 prisoners out on Bond. . . per Order of Col. Thomas, Lt. of Fredk. County," who were most likely hired to work in mines and on farms in the nearby area.

Around 30,000 German soldiers fought alongside British troops during the American Revolutionary War (1775-1783), and these Hessian forces were notably engaged at the Battle of Trenton after George Washington's storied crossing of the Delaware River on December 25, 1776. Two thirds of the Hessians were captured at Trenton, and still more were taken prisoner after subsequent defeats by American soldiers at Saratoga (1777) and Yorktown (1781). The Hessian captives were taken to the Frederick Town Barracks in Maryland where, despite their detention, they were free to work, shop, and participate in most activities of the largely German-immigrant community. All prisoners were liberated and left the Barracks on May 13, 1783. 


Creasing as expected, with some surface soil and tearing along lower margin.

Estimate: $200 - $400
Price Realized Including Buyer's Premium


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