Vignette-style carte de visite of General James J. Archer (1817-1864) in Confederate uniform. Imprint on mount of C.D. Fredericks & Co., New York, NY.
Upon graduation from Princeton in 1835, Archer studied law at the University of Maryland and was admitted to the bar. He served in the Mexican War as an Infantry captain and received the brevet of major for gallantry at Chapultepec. He returned to Maryland and continued with his legal profession until 1855, when he entered the regular army as a captain of the 9th Infantry. He later resigned his commission and enlisted in the Confederate service on November 1, 1861 with the 5th Texas Infantry. He was later discharged for promotion and became a brigadier general on June 3, 1862. As a regimental and brigade commander, he took part in every battle of the Army of Northern Virginia, from the Seven Days Battles to Gettysburg. On July 1, 1863, Archer was captured, along with a large portion of his command. Imprisoned on Johnson's Island for over a year, he was finally exchanged in the summer of 1864. However, his long incarceration was not without consequence to his health: Archer succumbed to illness on October 24, 1864.
Corners of mount slightly trimmed.
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