Frederick, Maryland. 3 June 1864. Partially printed triplicate receipt for payment from George Specker "who was drafted into the service of the United States on the 21st day of May 1864 from the Fourth Congressional District of the State of Maryland, the sum of three hundred dollars ($300) to obtain, under section 13 of the 'Act for enrolling and calling out the national forces, and for other purposes,' approved March 3, 1863, discharge from further liability under that draft." Signed by Frederick Schley, Receiver of Commutation Money.
The Enrollment Act of March 1863, also known as the Civil War Military Draft Act, was a highly controversial national conscription law which required the enrollment of every male citizen and immigrants who had filed for citizenship between the ages of 20 and 45. With the payment of $300 in "commutation money," however, Union men could buy their way out of military service. The unfairness of these paid exemptions and the enforcement of the act led to widespread disapproval of the policy, particularly among the poor and working class, and in some cases led to civil unrest as in the New York City draft riots of July 1863.
Draft letter issued to Jacob A. Meyers from the Provost Marshal's Office, Fourth District, State of Maryland, 17 October 1864. -- A partially printed letter from the Army and Navy Information and Collection Office notifying heirs of the death of Charles A Wood. -- Two documents, one from 1862 and another from 1864, recording the taking of the oath of allegiance to the United States. -- Two 1862 documents granting permission for removal of soldier remains. -- Color song sheet for "Victory at Last," ca 1865, words by Mrs. M.A. Kidder and music by Wm. B. Bradbury.
Together, 10 documents, generally in good condition with expected wear given age.
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