February 14, 2019 12:00 PM EST Cincinnati
Ends February 25, 2019


229

Civil War Muster Rolls of 45th Pennsylvania Infantry, April-July 1864, including Battle Content

Lot of 11 forms, dated 30th April - 30 June or 1 July, 1864. Includes Field & Staff and Companies A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I, and K.

Co. A lost 9 men plus one missing in action in this period. The causes of death are listed: died of typoid; died in hosp. Alexa. from wound recd. in action June 3, 1864; killed in action near Cold Harbor; died in hosp. Washington, DC... from wound recd in action June 3rd, /64; killed Battle Wilderness....; killed in action near Bethesda Church; killed on Skirmish line near North Anna River; died in Hosp. Annapolis MD; killed in action near Petersburg, VA.

Co. B notes who was killed in action and died of wounds, but the rest of the notes are on bounty and clothing amounts owed.

Co. C has more information: died of wounds received in Wilderness battle at Fredericksburg Hosp. (2); killed in Battle of Wilderness; drowned in James River; died at Fairfax Hosp. of wounds received in Wilderness; killed in action, Cold Harbor; one died in Garwood Hosp., Washington, DC and another at Emory Hosp. Washington, DC, both of wounds received at Cold Harbor.

Co. D. lists KIA at Wilderness, KIA Shady Grove, VA (5); KIA Spotsylvania; KIA Petersburg; MIA Wilderness; and MIA Cold Harbor (3). Co. E lists nine KIA Wilderness; two DOW and two KIA at Cold Harbor; one KIA near Petersburg. Co. F only seems to have lost one at Cold Harbor and one at Wilderness plus one DOW received May 14.

Some also have a report of events at bottom of second page. For example, Co. C:
"Crossed the Rapidan River May 5th.
Engaged May 6th at battle of Wilderness Va.
Arrived at Spotsylvania May 10th engaged in the evening same day. Also May 12 at same place.
Engaged at Bethesda Church near Cold Harbor June 5th.
Engaged near Petersburg June 17th & 18th.
??? on the line near Petersburg every alternate day up to the present time."

Only companies A, C, E, F, G, and K (short) have any record of company engagement.

The 45th Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry was recruited in late summer, early fall of 1861 for a term of three years. It spent the winter on the Carolina Islands. In 1862, the 45th was in the thick of the action. In September, it joined the Army of the Potomac and was engaged at the Battle of South Mountain. The regiment was in reserve at Fredericksburg, but lost a few men there anyway.

In 1863, the 45th was ordered West passing through Jamestown, KY, and continuing to Vicksburg, then East Tennessee (Blue Springs), and Knoxville and the following pursuit. In January 1864 over 400 members veteranized, then began the arduous spring and summer campaigns, seeing action at the Wilderness, Spotsylvania, North Anna River, and Cold Harbor. It joined the siege at Petersburg. The regiment was engaged at Weldon railroad, Petersburg mine explosion, and Poplar Spring Church, where a number of men were captured. It also participated at Hatcher's Run and the Petersburg final assault, ending up in the grand review in Washington.

Condition:

All with some surface soil. F&S has water damage.

Estimate: $3,000 - $5,000
Price Realized Including Buyer's Premium
$1,500
02/14/2019

 

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