[CIVIL RIGHTS]. The Indianapolis Freeman. Vol. 9, No. 42. Indianapolis, IN: 16 October 1897.

8pp., folio, 14 1/2 x 21 1/4 in. (brittle edges/corners, with some chipping and corner loss). Provenance: Indianapolis Public Library (ink stamp and applied paper label on front page). 

Contains large, four-panel front page cartoon illustrating the everyday slights against African Americans in the South during the Jim Crow Era of racial segregation in the aftermath of the Supreme Court's infamous decision in Plessy v. Ferguson, 163 U.S. 537 (1896), which upheld the constitutionality of racial segregation laws for public facilities as long as the segregated facilities were equal in quality, a doctrine that came to be known as "separate but equal." The decision legitimized the many state laws re-establishing racial segregation that had been passed in the American South after the end of the Reconstruction Era (1865–1877).

First published by Edward Elder Cooper on July 14, 1888, The Indianapolis Freeman was the first illustrated African American newspaper in the United States. 

Estimate: $800 - $1,000
Price Realized Including Buyer's Premium

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