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Cabinet Card of Louis Fatio, Only Known Photograph of Former Enslaved African American Involved in Dade Massacre during the Seminole Wars

Cabinet card of Louis Fatio (aka Luis Fatio Pacheco, ca 1800-1895). Samuel P. Burgert: Jacksonville, FL, n.d., ca mid-1880s. Burgert imprints to recto and verso. Louis Fatio (aka Luis Fatio Pacheco) was a formerly enslaved person who was a significant factor in the Dade Massacre (December 28, 1835) during the Seminole Wars in Florida. This appears to be the only known photograph of him. Includes a newspaper obituary affixed to the verso.

Born into enslavement under Francis Philip Fatio, Sr. on the plantation New Switzerland in Spanish Florida. As a child he acquired knowledge of English, French, Spanish, and Seminole languages - the latter learned from his brother who was kidnapped and spent considerable time with the Seminoles. In 1812, the Seminole Wars erupted and forced the Fatio family to flee. He fled enslavement in 1824 but was re-captured and sold several times, eventually enslaved by Antonio Pacheco, a Cuban merchant in Sarasota. In December 1835, Luis was hired as an interpreter by Captain Francis S. Belton. He was detached with a regiment of troops under the command of Francis L. Dade and on December 28th, 98 soldiers and 8 officers under Dade's command were massacred by the Seminoles. Pacheco was one of only 3 survivors and was suspected at the time of being an informant. He eventually achieved freedom and spent much of the remainder of his life exonerating himself. 

Condition:

Inkspot and overall toning, some soiling and wear to mount edges. 

Estimate: $2,500 - $3,500
Price Realized Including Buyer's Premium
$11,875
11/19/2020

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