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[BUFFALO SOLDIERS]. 24th US Infantry 1902-Pattern Full Dress-Dress Uniform Coat, Breast Cord, and Cap.

The group is comprised of a cap with chinstrap, removable cap band to convert the headgear from full dress to dress, and screw-back insignia for Company E, 24th US Infantry, one of the four so-called Buffalo Soldier regiments formed in 1869; mohair light blue full dress breast cord; and the non-government issue coat with rimless pre-1910 gilt buttons, as well as pinback gilt collar insignia matching the one on the cap per general orders issued at the end of 1902.

During President Theodore Roosevelt’s administration, the US military underwent considerable change. Among several initiatives, the US Army established a general staff and introduced sweeping new uniform regulations with “modern” designs that ushered out antiquated versions of the late Victorian era. The latter innovations included a handsome stand collar coat to be donned by enlisted men for formal occasions such as weekly dress parades. Every soldier received the dark blue garment trimmed in branch colors as scarlet for artillery, yellow for cavalry, and light blue for infantry. The example offered here is not the standard issue from the quartermaster, but instead is a tailor-made coat bespeaking of this foot soldier’s pride in his profession of arms. Given that privates received only $13 a month pay, buying a custom item represented a considerable personal expense. 

See detail 4, which shows an African American infantry private wearing this pattern uniform (not included with the lot). 

Estimate: $500 - $700
Price Realized Including Buyer's Premium
$2,880
02/18/2021

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