188

British Military "Bar on Band" Enfield Short Rifle with Bayonet

.577 caliber, 33" barrel secured by two rounded clamping bands, no S/N with British made Yatagan-style saber bayonet with leather scabbard. Blued and color case hardened finish, walnut stock, iron mountings. Commercial BSAT trade made lock marked 1864 / TOWER with the British crown at the tail and no VR. Barrel with weak British military proof marks. Stock with weak Board of Ordnance store keeper's roundel, dated 1861. Retains a correct pattern 1,100-yard leaf rear sight, front sight, bayonet lug on upper band, both sling swivels and a snap cap. The ramrod appears to be a more recently made example. The "Bar on Band" short rifle, designated as the Pattern 1856 No2, the Pattern 1856/58 and the Pattern 1858, depending upon the War Department sources used, was an attempt to solve a non-existent problem. The concern regarded the strength of the saber bayonet lug on the Pattern 1856 rifles, and the potential to damage the barrels during the brazing the lug onto the barrels. The P1856 No 2 attempted to solve this problem by moving the lug to the upper band, which was reinforced with a transverse pin through the stock. Production of the P1856 No 2 did not commence until sometime in 1859 and by 1860 the Pattern 1860 rifle had been adopted to replace both the Pattern 1856 and P1856 No2. Deliveries continued sporadically, but it is generally believed that only a few thousand of the "bar on band" variants were produced ca 1859-1862. A scarce British military service rifle with low production figures and a very limited service life.

Condition:

Good. Metal has been cleaned leaving the barrel marks weak and chemically toned to plum. The 1864 dated commercial lock is a replacement as the original lock was a military lock dated 1861, matching the store keeper's mark in the stock. This lock is heavily eroded and pitted on the interior forward and above the mainspring. Mechanically functional, very good bore is somewhat dirty and lightly oxidized. Stock sanded and refinished, leaving the markings weak. 

Estimate: $1,500 - $2,500
Price Realized Including Buyer's Premium
$1,763
05/01/2019

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