June 20, 2013 08:00 PM EDT Cincinnati


7th Maine Soldiers, Two Identified CDVs, including CMOH Winner

A fine group shot showing Colonel Edwin C. Mason, Lieut. Colonel Seldon Conner, and Major Thomas W. Hyde, CMOH, each wearing a different type of prominent medal. Mason became Colonel of the 7th Maine 8/61, and commanded the regiment until m/o 9/64. During his conspicuous tenure, he was brevetted four times for “gallantry and meritorious service,” to wit: Major (Fredericksburg 12/13/62); Lieut. Colonel (Wilderness); Colonel (Spotsylvania); and Brig. General, 6/3/65, “for faithful service.” General Mason had an illustrious post-war career in the regular army, advancing to Colonel, 24th US Inf., 4/88, and earning another brevet (Brig. General, 2/27/90) for “gallantry” in two actions during the Indian Wars (Lava Beds, CA, 4/17/73, and Clearwater, ID, 11-12/7/77). General Mason retired May 31, 1895, after 34 years in the army.

Lieut. Colonel Seldon Conner was commissioned 8/61 and commanded the regiment at Gettysburg. He became Colonel, 19th Maine, 1/64; WIA Wilderness (5/6/64); promoted Brig. General, 6/11/64, but never returned to active duty; m/o 4/66. Elected Governor of Maine in 1875, serving two terms.

Major Thomas Worchester Hyde joined Co. D as Captain 8/61; promoted major 8/61. Major Hyde won the Medal of Honor at Antietam, 9/17/62, “leading the regiment in an assault on a strong body of enemy infantry.” At Gettysburg, Major Hyde was detached from the regiment, acting as 6th Corps Provost Marshal on the staff of General Sedgwick. He transferred to the 1st Maine Veteran Inf. 8/64; promoted Colonel 10/64; Bvt. Brig. General, 4/2/65; m/o 6/65.

The other CDV depicts a 1st Lieut. with goatee and is identified in modern pencil as Thomas W. Hyde, having the imprint of S.W. Sawyer, Bangor. The identity is incorrect as Hyde entered service as Captain, while this CDV depicts an unknown officer wearing 1st Lieut. straps.

7th Maine, 3rd Brigade, 2nd Division, 6th Corps

The 7th Maine was organized at Augusta in June 1861 and spent its early service in the Washington Defenses. The regiment was attached to the 6th Corps in May 1862 and remained with that organization for the duration. The regiment was active during the Peninsula Campaign but was not heavily engaged during the subsequent Seven Days battles for Richmond. The 7th Maine was shattered at Antietam during an ill-conceived foray to clear enemy sharpshooters from the Piper Barn on the Hagerstown Park, what turned out to be the center of the Confederate line. Unbeknownst to the 7th Maine, the regiment funneled into a killing zone and was effectively ambushed by a much superior force before the survivors managed to fight their way out. Afterwards, only 68 men formed on the colors out of 240 that had gone forward. The regiment was spared the carnage of Fredericksburg but was, once more, decimated at Chancellorsville by “canister from the guns on Marye’s Heights,” a position it helped carry in a magnificent charge. In two days of severe combat over 80 men were killed and wounded there and on Salem Heights. The 7th Maine had but little time to recover as the army advanced to parry Lee at Gettysburg.

The 7th Maine numbered about 200 effectives when it arrived at Gettysburg on July 2nd. The 6th Corps was not heavily committed but the regiment was shifted around to plug holes in the line. The next day it found itself on the extreme right of the Union army anchored on the Baltimore Pike. Here, it had a brisk skirmish with Confederates losing 2 men killed and 5 mortally wounded.

The 7th Maine marched with Grant into the inferno that characterized the summer of 1864 as a total war of attrition. From the moment the Overland Campaign commenced, the regiment was engaged relentlessly in some major skirmish or pitched battle that usually found expendable Federal infantry attacking fixed Confederate positions. From the meat grinder of the Wilderness and Spotsylvania in May through Petersburg in July, the regiment was bled white with another 241 killed, wounded, and missing added to mournful casualty lists. The remnants of the battalion mustered out on September 5, 1864 having sacrificed their bit for the everlasting glory of the Army of the Potomac.

Provenance:The Tom MacDonald Maine Civil War CDV Collection

Condition:Both cartes G+. with minor edge wear and soiling.

Estimate: $600 - $800
Price Realized Including Buyer's Premium


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