June 20, 2013 08:00 PM EDT Cincinnati


20

3rd Maine Soldiers, Four Identified CDVs

Two officers, the Chaplain and a Sergeant in civilian dress. Captain George C. Hudson, Co. A, wearing his Kearny Cross is ink signed with name, rank, and regiment on verso over W.S. Stevens, Bath imprint. Hudson joined as Sergeant and m/o 6/64. 2nd Lieut. Hudson was "present" at Gettysburg. Quartermaster Charles T. Watson, signed in ink, was promoted to 1st Lieut. & regimental Quartermaster 7/62; m/o 7/67 as Bvt. Major, US Volunteer QM Dept. Carte with J.S. Hendee, Augusta back mark. Watson was "present" at Gettysburg. Chaplain S. Freeman Chase with J.S. Hendee imprint is pencil identified. Certainly the good Chaplain ministered to the regiment at Gettysburg; m/o 6/64. Commissary Sergeant Lorenzo D. Grafton in civilian dress is signed in period pencil. Sergeant Grafton was "present" at Gettysburg; m/o 6/64.

3rd Maine, 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, 3rd Corps

Organized in Augusta in June 1861, the 3rd Maine served with the 3rd Corps through March 1864. It fought at First Bull Run losing nearly 50 casualties and suffered heavily during the Seven Days fighting and subsequent battles—Fair Oaks, Malvern Hill, 2nd Bull Run, Chantilly—that raged during the summer of 1862. The 3rd Maine lost 9 killed and wounded at Fredericksburg and nearly five times that many at Chancellorsville.

At Gettysburg, the 3rd Maine will be remembered for the savage defensive battle in the Peach Orchard. On July 2nd the regiment participated in a reconnaissance in force crossing the Emmitsburg Road preceded by elements of Berdan’s 1st US Sharpshooters. While forming up to eject Rebel skirmishers from a dense stretch of woods, the 3rd Maine came face to face with columns of Wilcox’s advancing Alabama brigade intent on attacking the Union left. An intense exchange of volley fire ensued lasting about 25 minutes before the “bugle sounded retreat” and the Federals fell back before the gray onslaught. After an “unaccountable sluggishness” lasting several hours, Lafayette McLaws division finally surged forward in a furious late afternoon assault on the Peach Orchard.

A grim but futile defense ensued but the Union salient was overwhelmed by enfilade fire and abruptly gave way. The 3rd Maine was “wrapped in a vortex of fire” and was “hurled out of the Orchard by overwhelming numbers.” The survivors retreated to the second line held by Hancock Corps. Later that night only 97 men reported “present” for roll call.

The veteran 3rd Maine participated in the early phase of Grant’s Overland Campaign during the early summer of 1864, seeing heavy fighting at the Wilderness and at Spotsylvania Court House. The valiant regiment mustered out of service on June 18, 1864, having suffered 135 men killed and wounded.

Provenance:The Tom MacDonald Maine Civil War CDV Collection

Condition:VG. Grafton CDV with minor wear.

Estimate: $400 - $500
Price Realized Including Buyer's Premium
$1,058
06/21/2013

 

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