June 20, 2013 08:00 PM EDT Cincinnati


16

3rd Maine Officers, Four CDVs

Three officers identified, one not, with one in civilian dress. First carte is ink signed Lieut. W. H. Higgins, Co. D, who joined as Sergeant; promoted 1st Lieut. 11/63; m/o 6/64. 2nd Lieut. Higgins wears an unusual lozenge shaped (ID?) badge with what looks like a center banner or scroll. The carte bears the imprint of O.H. Willard, Philadelphia with an inked inter-regiment dedication to Lieut. Hall on verso. Next carte is ink signed Capt. J.H. Tallman/AQM/1st Div Cav. with imprint of Peter McAdams, Alexandria, Va. Wearing his Kearny Cross, James Henry Tallman, Co. A, joined as Corporal; was promoted 1st Lieut. 9/61; and transferred to the Quartermaster Department as Captain 3/62, where he acted as QM of General Merritt's 1st Cavalry Division. Major Tallman was dismissed on 2/20/66 and died shortly thereafter.

The civilian view is signed Edward C. Pierce/Captain & ASO/April 1864. Pierce was 2nd Lieut., Co. B, before being detailed to the Signal Corps as Captain 12/62. Captain Pierce was discharged with the regiment 6/64. The last view is an unidentified Captain with prominent mutton chop whiskers, wearing a Kearny Cross by E. Crockett, Rockland, ME.

3rd Maine, 2nd Brigade, 1st Division, 3rd Corps

Organized in Augusta in June 1861, the 3rd Maine served with the 3rd Corps through March 1864. It fought at First Bull Run losing nearly 50 casualties and suffered heavily during the Seven Days fighting and subsequent battles—Fair Oaks, Malvern Hill, 2nd Bull Run, Chantilly—that raged during the summer of 1862. The 3rd Maine lost 9 killed and wounded at Fredericksburg and nearly five times that many at Chancellorsville.

At Gettysburg, the 3rd Maine will be remembered for the savage defensive battle in the Peach Orchard. On July 2nd the regiment participated in a reconnaissance in force crossing the Emmitsburg Road preceded by elements of Berdan’s 1st US Sharpshooters. While forming up to eject Rebel skirmishers from a dense stretch of woods, the 3rd Maine came face to face with columns of Wilcox’s advancing Alabama brigade intent on attacking the Union left. An intense exchange of volley fire ensued lasting about 25 minutes before the “bugle sounded retreat” and the Federals fell back before the gray onslaught. After an “unaccountable sluggishness” lasting several hours, Lafayette McLaws division finally surged forward in a furious late afternoon assault on the Peach Orchard.

A grim but futile defense ensued but the Union salient was overwhelmed by enfilade fire and abruptly gave way. The 3rd Maine was “wrapped in a vortex of fire” and was “hurled out of the Orchard by overwhelming numbers.” The survivors retreated to the second line held by Hancock Corps. Later that night only 97 men reported “present” for roll call.

The veteran 3rd Maine participated in the early phase of Grant’s Overland Campaign during the early summer of 1864, seeing heavy fighting at the Wilderness and at Spotsylvania Court House. The valiant regiment mustered out of service on June 18, 1864, having suffered 135 men killed and wounded.

Provenance:The Tom MacDonald Maine Civil War CDV Collection

Condition:Cartes G+. with some soiling and moderate wear. Pierce CDV trimmed.

Estimate: $400 - $500
Price Realized Including Buyer's Premium
$1,440
06/21/2013

 

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