June 20, 2013 08:00 PM EDT Cincinnati


86

19th Maine Soldiers at Gettysburg, Three Identified CDVs

Two officers and one enlisted man, all “present” at Gettysburg. First is a different view of J.W. Spaulding signed in ink as 1st Lieut., Co. A. A. E. Nickerson/Lieut., Co B., 19th/Me. Vols. is shown wearing a 2nd Corps badge, no back mark. Nickerson joined as Sergeant, Co. E, 8/62 & was “present” at Gettysburg; promoted 1st Lieut. 12/64; m/o 5/65. Corporal J. Byron Campbell, Co. E, is ink signed, no back mark. Campbell joined 8/62; was “present” at Gettysburg; WIA Spotsylvania (5/12/64); absent, sick in hospital 5/65.

19th Maine, 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, 2nd Corps

The 19th Maine was organized at Bath in August 1862 and joined the Washington Defenses before assignment to the 2nd Corps, where it served for the duration. The regiment was not heavily engaged at Antietam while its first real test came at Fredericksburg, coming under intensive rebel artillery fire while assembling for a charge.

At Gettysburg, the regiment held a position in the center of the 2nd Corps line mid-way between Cemetery Hill and Little Round Top. As Sickles’ overextended 3rd Corps disintegrated in the Peach Orchard during McLaws’ late afternoon attack, the 2nd Corps was hurriedly rearranged, forming a second line to prevent an all out Confederate break-through. Amidst the general confusion, the advancing rebel battle line descended upon the unsupported 19th Maine “who arose unwaveringly from the smoke to receive it.” A well aimed shot dropped a rebel flag bearer followed by a massive volley that stopped the Confederates in their tracks. Simultaneous enfilade fire at close range had a terrible effect and “the Confederate regiment melted away in the smoke and was seen no more.” A report filtered in that the enemy had advanced on the far right meaning that the 19th Maine would soon find itself cut-off. The regiment was quickly ordered to fall back, which was done in good order. Emerging from the smoke the regiment’s officers surveyed the landscape and quickly determined that the threat of envelopment on the right “had been incorrect.” The regiment immediately faced about and charged back into the advancing Confederate line, propelling itself to within 100 yards of the Emmitsburg Road. The sudden counter attack recovered four Union cannon and claimed many prisoners along with one stand of colors. The next day the regiment helped repel Pickett’s Charge from a position near the copse of trees. In two days of fighting, the 19th Maine suffered 65 men killed and mortally wounded and 137 with lesser injuries.

The 19th Maine marched in Grant’s Overland Campaign and fought for nearly two months without let-up, suffering particularly heavy losses at Spotsylvania in May and the Jerusalem Plank Road in June. The regiment participated in final operations at Appomattox and mustered out May 31, 1865, having lost 192 men in battle.

Provenance:The Tom MacDonald Maine Civil War CDV Collection

Condition:Spaulding CDV bent in middle with heavy wear, still G. Others VG.

Estimate: $400 - $500
Price Realized Including Buyer's Premium
$323
06/21/2013

 

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