June 20, 2013 08:00 PM EDT Cincinnati


16th Maine Soldiers, Five Identified CDVs

CDVs of two identified officers, plus three enlisted men. First in ink signed Atwood Fitch/Lt. 16th Me. Vols. with S.W. Sawyer, Bangor imprint. Fitch joined as Sergeant, Co. K, 8/62; “present” at Gettysburg; promoted 2nd Lieut. 12/63; POW Weldon Railroad (8/19/64), exchanged and returned. Promoted 1st Lieut. 11/64; m/o 6/65. A pencil identified Lieut. is Jabez P. Parker, Co. I, also with S.W. Sawyer back mark. Pratt enlisted as Corporal 8/62; promoted Sergeant 5/63; WIA Wilderness (5/5/64). Promoted 2nd Lieut., Co. K, 11/64; 1st Lieut. 1/65; m/o 6/65.

A carte of Private Joseph W. Parameter, Co. I, is pencil identified with B .F. Smith & Son, Portland back mark. Parameter enlisted 8/62; discharged for disability 12/63. Another cdv of a Private, by Wm. F. Blunt, North Anson, Me., is thought to be Lucius W. Hall, Co. E, a deserter, although the identity is not confirmed. Unusually, under magnification partial numerals and letters on the left breast of his shell jacket appear to spell out 16th Maine. The last enlisted man is marked S. Swett in modern pen, by B.F. Cole, Biddeford, Me. This is possibly Sidney E. Swett, Co. F, who died in hospital 12/63.

16th Maine, 1st Brigade, 2nd Division, 1st Corps

The 16th Maine was organized at Augusta in August 1862 and was assigned to the 1st Corps. In its first major action the regiment was nearly annihilated at Fredericksburg during an indomitable charge against well entrenched Rebels that cost “in killed wounded and missing two hundred thirty-one—more than one-half the number engaged.” Over two hundred rebel prisoners were taken and the men of the 16th Maine had to be restrained as they surged toward the enemy’s second line.

At Gettysburg, the 16th Maine was heavily engaged during the stand of the 1st Corps on the afternoon of July 1st. Part of Paul’s (1st) Brigade, the regiment held a portion of General Robertson’s 2nd Division line against Robert Rode’s attack on the salient north of the Chambersburg Pike. Desperately holding a hill overlooking the Pike without support, the 16th Maine was finally outflanked and overwhelmed by superior numbers. The regiment fell back, cut off from the rest of the brigade, losing a large number of men as prisoners. At Gettysburg, the 16th Maine suffered 11 killed, 62 wounded, and 159 captured out of 275 men on the field.

Reassigned to the 5th Corps in March 1864, the 16th Maine saw continuous combat during the opening phase of Grant’s Overland Campaign, taking particularly heavy casualties at the Wilderness, Laurel Hill, and Spotsylvania in May 1864. The regiment was also prominent in the see-saw fighting on the Weldon Railroad in August 1864 and emerging from the Petersburg trenches, again, in February 1865. The 16th Maine participated in the Appomattox Campaign and witnessed the surrender of the army of Northern Virginia. It mustered out on June 5, 1865 having lost 181 men killed and wounded.

Provenance:The Tom MacDonald Maine Civil War CDV Collection

Condition:All cartes at least G+. Hall CDV with chipped albumen along right side. Parameter carte with albumen coming loose from mount.

Estimate: $500 - $700
Price Realized Including Buyer's Premium


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