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1

Group of Five Early English Newspapers, Including The Oxford Gazette Second Issue Dated November 20, 1665

Lot of 5 mid-17th and early 18th century English newspapers, including a very rare 2nd issue of England's first real newspaper The Oxford Gazette comprising: 

LITCHFIELD, Leonard (1604-1657). The Oxford Gazette. Re-printed at London by Thomas Newcomb. Nov. 16-20, 1665. [Second Issue]. (Vertical crease, small chip with neat repair on right edge). Started by Henry Muddiman with it's first issue published on 7 November 1665. It was during this period that King Charles II had moved the Royal Court to Oxford to attempt to escape the Great Plague of London. Notable that Samuel Pepys noted the first issue in his diary. Issues #1-23 were published in Oxford, with most simultaneously printed in London as well, as seen here. When the King and Court returned to London, the Gazette moved as well, with the first London issue (labeled No. 24) issued on Feb. 5, 1666. The London Gazette, still published, claims to be the oldest continuously published newspaper. 

NEWCOMB, Thomas. The London Gazette. January 28-31, 1666. Numb. 126. 2pp. 7 x 11.25 in. 

NEWCOMB, Thomas. The London Gazette. April 8-11, 1672. Numb. 667. 2pp. 6.5 x 10.75 in. 

TOOKE, Benjamin. The London Gazette. March 11-13, 1711. Numb. 4977. 2pp. 6.5 x 11.5 in. 

MORPHEW, John (d.1720). The Post Boy. Sept. 13-15, 1716. Numb 4233. 2pp. 8.25 x 13.75 in. Illustrated masthead. (Toned, tape repair at upper edge, dampstain to lower right). Morphew was a significant literary and political publisher, at one point printing works for both the Whigs and Tories, though later closely associated with the Tories. Material published about the sensitive Anglo-Swedish relations caused Morphew to be arrested in February 1717. 

 

Estimate: $300 - $500
Price Realized Including Buyer's Premium
$813
11/13/2020

2

Group of Five Revolutionary War-Era Newspapers, Including The Boston Evening-Post Single Issue Dated July 5, 1773, Plus

Lot of 6, comprising:

FLEET, Thomas (d.1797) and John FLEET (d.1806). The Boston Evening-Post. July 5, 1773. Numb. 1971. 4pp. 9.25 x 14.5 in. (top edge trimmed). 

HARRISON, Thomas. The London Gazette. January 11, 1777. No. 11734. 7.5 x 12 in. 

Letter from General George Washington printed in [The Gentleman's Magazine.] [March 1777]. Matted and framed with print after Emanuel Leutze, Washington Crossing the Delaware (original 1851 painting housed at the Metropolitan Museum of Art). Sight 9.5 x 8 in., framed to 24.5 x 33.5 in. 

GAINE, Hugh (ca 1726-1807). The New York Gazette: and the Weekly Mercury. September 21, 1778. No. 1405. 4pp. 12 x 19 in. 

BARBER, Henry (1748-1800). Newport Mercury. November 23, 1782. No. 1104. [Rhode Island]. 4pp. 10.25 x 14.75 in. 

Engraving, 5.25 x 8.25 in. King George the IIId. Uncredited. Appears to be a page from book.

Estimate: $400 - $600
Price Realized Including Buyer's Premium
$1,375
11/13/2020

3

Accounts of the American Revolution in Edinburgh Advertiser, 1775

Lot of 4 issues. Edinburgh Advertiser. Edinburgh [Scotland]: James Donaldson, May 19-23, October 13-17, 17-20, 27-31, 1775. Each issue 8pp, 8.25 x 11 in. 

The issues are replete with extensive coverage of events in America in the fall of 1775, including military engagements, Indian affairs, and political news. 

May 23, 1775. Complete text of “THE REMONSTRANCE OF THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY OF THE COLONY OF NEW YORK” as introduced to the House of Commons by Edmund Burke on May 16, 1775. “Impressed with the warmest  sentiments of loyalty and affection to our most gracious sovereign, and zealously attached to his person, family, and government, we his majesty's faithful subjects...behold the deepest concern the unhappy disputes subsisting between the mother country and her colonies, convinced that the...strength of the British Empire, the protection and opulence of his majesty's American dominions, and the happiest of both, depend eventually on a restoration of harmony and affection between them…It is with inexpressive grief that we have of late years seen measures adopted by the British Parliament, subversive of that constitution under which the good people of this colony have always enjoyed the same rights and privileges so highly and deservedly prized by their fellow subjects in Great Britain...We esteem our undoubted and unalienable rights as Englishmen...nor can we forbear mentioning the jealousies which have been excited in the colonies by the extension of the limits of the province of Quebec in which the Roman Catholic religion has received such ample support...we claim but a restoration of those rights which we enjoyed by general consent before the close of the last war; we desire no more than a continuation of that ancient government to which we are entitled by the principles of the British Constitution, and which alone can be secured to us by the rights of Englishmen..." Signed by John Kruger, Speaker of the Assembly, March 25, 1775. (Complete text covering all of the front page and one third of the second page.) Coverage of the subsequent debate in Parliament following the introduction of the resolution by Burke including statements by Charles James Fox and Lord North. With detailed coverage of parliamentary debates on the REPEAL OF THE QUEBEC ACT. (more than a full page). Fine example of tax stamp on back page.

October 17, 1775: Engagement near Watertown, stating that despite “sustaining a continual fire” colonists only suffer two killed. British Naval ships attack Stonington Harbor. 700 Indians of the Mohawk and Onondaga nations arrive in Albany to declare support for the Americans. British garrison of Québec reported to be poorly defended as “Gov. Carlton had taken the greatest part of the cannon from the forts to mount on the floating batteries in St. John's.” Naval engagement with the provincials near Providence. Notice of the marriage of the Hon. JOHN HANCOCK, President of the Continental Congress, to Miss Dorothy Quincy of Boston. Indians of the Six Nations declare that “they should not take up the hatchet on either side.” Accounts from Cambridge say that 90 British troops were killed by the Americans.

October 20, 1775: Proclamation signed by Charles Thompson, Secretary of the Continental Congress, affirming that the resolution “that THE INHABITANTS OF THESE COLONIES WOULD NOT DIRECTLY OR INDIRECTLY EXPORT ANY MERCHANDISE OR COMMODITIES WHATSOEVER TO GREAT BRITAIN, Ireland or the West Indies” would also apply other British territories including the Channel islands. EDMUND BURKE advises the merchants of Bristol that he has presented their petition “humbly beseeching His Majesty to cause hostilities to cease in America” to His majesty KING GEORGE III. The ship Phoenix arrives with the widows of several officers “who went from Boston to New York soon after their husbands were killed in the engagement at BUNKER’S HILL.” Reports of disagreements between GENERAL PUTNAM and GENERAL WASHINGTON. Proclamation from the provincial Congress in New York protesting the actions of the Captain of his Majesty’s ship Asia who “under pretense of protecting the Kings property did in the dead of night…fire upon the south part of this defenseless city….” Continental Congress discusses plans for the MANAGEMENT OF INDIAN AFFAIRS and “… have appointed commissioners…with proper presents, talks, and belts of wampum and the usual necessary articles of trade for the several nations.” Major Rogers “at the head of numerous body of Indians of different tribes had declared…that for the ill-treatment he had received from the government he would do all to lay in his power to seek revenge and assist the colonies.

October 31, 1775: news from Québec that “a party of the provincials which had penetrated into Canada were attacked by Gen. Carlton at the head of about 200 regulars, and a body of Canadians. The rebels were defeated with a loss of 20 men killed and a considerable number wounded…” News from Philadelphia of the arrival of JOHN HANCOCK and PEYTON RANDOLPH and other delegates to attend the Congress. Complete text of KING GEORGE III'S SPEECH TO PARLIAMENT ON AFFAIRS IN AMERICA on October 26, 1775. “… those who have too long successfully labored to inflame my people in America by gross misrepresentations and to infuse into their minds a system of opinions repugnant to the true Constitution of the colonies, and to their subordinate relation to Great Britain, now openly avow their REVOLT, HOSTILITY AND REBELLION. They have raised troops and are collecting a naval force, they have seized the public revenue and assumed to themselves legislative, executive and judicial powers which they already exercise in the most arbitrary manner over the persons and properties of their fellow subjects.…” 

Estimate: $200 - $400
Price Realized Including Buyer's Premium
$813
11/13/2020

4

Early American Massachusetts Imprint Mr. Wigglesworth's Dudleian Lecture, Printed 1778

Wigglesworth, Edward. "The Authority of Tradition Considered, at the Lecture Founded by the Hon. Judge Dudley, in Harvard College, November 5, 1777."  Boston: Thomas & John Fleet, 1778. 39pp. Removed from boards, approx. 5.25 x 7.75 in. Owner's name handwritten in ink on top right "John Pence" along with the year 1777. Revolutionary War imprint contains the text of a lecture delivered by Edward Wigglesworth (1732-1794), the Hollis Chair of Divinity at the Harvard Divinity School from 1765-1792 (not to be confused with his father Edward Wigglesworth who held the chair before him, the first to hold that position). This imprint, identified on the cover as "Mr. Wigglesworth's Dudleian Lecture," presents a staunch attack on Roman Catholics and their Church.

Estimate: $200 - $400
Unsold

5

Lot of 6 Original Newspapers Dating from 1789-1799, Including Bill of Rights Debate Reportage

Lot of 6 mid-to-late 18th-century American newspapers, comprising: 

Pennsylvania Packet, and Daily Advertiser. Philadelphia, PA. August 21, 1789. No. 3294. 4pp, 11.5 x 18.25 in. Reports on the Bill of Rights debated in Congress and debates on the amendments of the Constitution in a report from the House of Representatives, August 17, 1789: "Meeting in Committee of the Whole on the Subject of Amendments to the Consitution," draft amendments 8 and 9 approved, as was 10 with changes. Amendments 11-14 “agreed to in their original form.” Elbridge Gerry introduced a motion “That such amendments of the Constitution of the United States as have been proposed by the different states…be referred to the committee of the whole house and that those, with the amendments proposed by that committee, be included in one report.…”  James Madison argued for amendments to guarantee individual rights in a speech in the House on June 8, 1789. Madison’s draft amendments along with proposals from the states were debated in the House and eventually approved by the House and the Senate. In September 1789, a conference committee proposed twelve amendments that were sent to the states. By 15 December 1791, three-fourths of the state legislatures adopted ten of the amendments. Also includes Indian Affairs content with Creek leader Alexander McGillibray writing on peace negotiations: “the chiefs have resolved to put off the meeting for the present…the body of warriors were in arms, owing to the commissioner's letter of last winter… but the Chiefs being ready to listen to just terms of peace, they agreed to meet the commissioners to treat as they requested; but some parties had gone out could not be stopped...having done mischief and killing several people, the...people stopped the Chiefs from proceeding to the Oconee, apprehensive that they may sustain injury and insult form the people of that country, the Chickasaws..."


Windham Herald. Wyndham, CT. December 12, 1789. Vol. IX No. 458. 4pp, 10.5 x 16.5, on blue paper. Front-page text of the speech by President John Adams to Congress in Philadelphia on Dec. 3. He presses Congress for reforms in the judicial system and addresses relations with the French republic, reports on plans to move the national capital. Message signed in type by Adams. Also includes a complete list of all of the vessels in the American Navy.  (Occsional spotting, worn edges, previously bound.) 

Weekly Museum. New York, NY. April 4, 1795. Vol VII No. 360. 4pp, 9.5 x 11.75 in. Notice of the “United States Lotter for the improvement of the city of Washington will commence in a few days..." (Bifolium split, worn edges with a few small tears, some spotting.)

Colombian Centinel. Boston, MA. August 12, 1797. Vol. XXVII No. 36, Whole No. 1398. 4pp, 11.75 x 19.25 in. Entire front page devoted to the text of a new stamp tax, with news form the Congress in Philadelphia, May 15, 1797. With the full text of “An Act Laying Duties on Stamped Vellum Parchment and Paper" which included duties on a range of documents including certificates of naturalization, letters patent, and wills (which was the effective introduction of an estate tax). Complete text signed in script type by John Adams  as President of the United States. Revenues from requiring a federal stamp on wills in probate and other documents were used to pay off debts incurred during the undeclared naval war with France. Congress repealed the Stamp Act in 1802. Also includes reports on naval conflict with France, with American ships detained at Cape Francois in Haiti by the French, including the schooner Hetty of Charleston. (Some spotting, previously bound) 

The Spectator. New York, NY. July 10, 1799 (subscriber’s copy of Yale College). Vol. II No. 187. 4pp, 13.25 x 20 in. Front-page account of an act passed by the Congress on December 3, 1798: "An Act Providing for Compensation for Collectors of Customs throughout the United States" approved and signed in type by President John Adams, March 2, 1799 Reports on the undeclared naval war with France, includes a front-page printing of treasury circular signed in type by Oliver Wolcott suspending commercial trade with France, and complaints of American ship captains reporting on attacks on Americans in the port of Curracoa (Curacao): "We, Masters of American vessels now in this port, do declare that...a number of seamen belonging to our vessels, were without provocation, wantonly attacked, and some of them curelly wounded and beaten, by some French People, armed with knives pistols etc. We their captains and officers hearing of this, went to assist in restoring peace; when we got to the scene…a general scuffle took place; the guard then arrived bringing with them an unusual number of armed Frenchman, mulattos and some slaves…. the guard conveyed the whole of us to prison, suffering the negroes and others to wound, beat and abuse us at pleasure…without giving us the protection that our situation demanded...” Also includes Indian Affairs content with the Creek Indians expressing concerns about the extension of the boundary between the US and Spanish Territory, with Chief Methlogey writing “I being informed only 13 days past, from the mouth of the Spanish officer commanding the Spanish garrisons at St. Mark…that there was a line now running by the Spanish people and the Americans which would run into several of the Indian towns and that all of the Indians that fell on the Spanish side line, the men would be made slaves to work on the ground for the Spaniards…" James Seagrove responding: “You and all the Creek people must know that the great River Mississippi is a line between the Spanish and American settlements on the west side; and that the Spanish nation hath long, and still do possess the seacoast from the Mississippi River to St. Mary's pier. It therefore became absolutely necessary, that it be clearly and well understood how far the territory or government extended back, from the seacoast into the country.… I do declare to you and the whole of the Creek Nation, that I then and still do, consider the running of the said line, as quite harmless to you or your interests, and purely intended to fix the line of territorial jurisdiction between the United States and the Spanish Government.  Seagrove was the former emissary of the US Government to the Creek nation. In 1796, the Treaty of Colerain between the Creeks and United States was signed at the small town Seagrove had founded. Includes a runaway slave notice: “$10 reward RUNAWAY FROM SUBSCRIBER, AN NEGRO MAN NAMED HARRY about 20 years of age; he is near 5 feet eight inches high and wears his hair tied.… Whoever takes in the said Negro and gives information to his master shall have the above reward and all reasonable expenses…" (Occasional spotting, worn edges, previously bound.)

Salem Gazette. Salem, MA. November 26, 1799. Vol. XIII No. 865. 4pp, 11.25 x 18.75. A front-page notice from the War Department: "All officers of the first regiment of artillerists and engineers, and of the first, second, third and fourth regiments of infantry in the service of the United States, who are from whatever cause, absent from their commands, are required with all possible expects addition to report themselves by letter to Maj. Gen. Alexander Hamilton." The case of Jonathan Robbins who had been executed by the British navy for mutiny claiming he was an impressed American citizen. “It is at length proved by evidence…that Robbins was not a Native American…. Americans have been ready to approve and justify his foul unnatural deeds… It is been asserted… That Robbins, alias Thomas Nash was an impressed American seaman. … It is fair to conclude that he took the leading part…in the cruel murder which ensued, solely from thirst for plunder.” Robbins was the leader of a rebellion on an English ship in the midst of the Napoleonic wars. He was hung in chains for his part in the shipboard mutiny and surrendered to British military justice despite his last moment claim that he was an American impressed into the British navy. Robbins’s story provoked a huge argument among Americans. (Worn edges, some soiling.)

 

Estimate: $300 - $500
Price Realized Including Buyer's Premium
$1,500
11/13/2020

6

Letter to Captain George Buckmaster, Orders Re: Brig. Cicero, 1768

Senders appear to be a group of fellow owners of the Brig. Cicero, AL, Newport, 28 Dec. 1768, 1p (7.25 x 14.5 in.). To Captain George Buckmaster (1720-1791). The co-owners order the captain to "...proceed directly to Georgia, and their [sic] dispose of your Cargo and also your Vesil [sic], if you can obtain anything near her value, or we had rather part with her for 300 pounds rather than take the chance of a loosing voyage to the West Indies....You are not limited to any particular Port, nor confined to the Place from whence you are to return to this place... only observe this Rule, not to indanger the Vesil and Cargo..."

It would appear that Buckmaster had an earlier problem. In a letter from Benjamin Franklin to Deborah Franklin dated 10 June 1758, Franklin writes: "Cousin Buckmaster has suffered much, and had a narrow Escape. I am concerned for his double Misfortune. A Ship and a Mistress are too much to lose at once...." Buckmaster's first wife was Abiah Franklin (presumably a niece or cousin of Franklin's. His mother was Abiah, which likely was a family name. He had about 16 siblings, one of whom surely named their offspring for their mother!)

Estimate: $200 - $400
Unsold

7

Revolutionary War-Era Autographs, Incl. Thomas Mifflin and Frederick Frelinghuysen

Lot of 2.

Mifflin, Thomas (1744-1800). Signature on part of a larger document, which has been torn off to about 5.75 in. The remaining top portion still retains the official seal. Matted and framed with an engraving of Mifflin, a Pennsylvania  fifteen shilling note (issue of 1 October 1773) and a short biography.The whole in a carved wood frame (maple?),  29.5 x 35.5 in.

At the outbreak of the Revolutionary War, Mifflin was appointed Major of a Continental Army regiment and in 1775 became one of George Washington's aides-de-camp. a few months later he was appointed Quartermaster General of the Continental forces. By December he was a Colonel, and in May 1776, Brigadier General. He achieved the rank of Major General in February 1777. Mifflin fought at many of the major battles, including Princeton and Trenton (NJ). After the war he was appointed to the Continental Congress and served as its President from Dec. 1783 to June 1784. He served on the Federal Convention in 1787 and the Pennsylvania executive council the following year. He was on the state constitutional committee, serving as its chairman 1789-1790. This put him in position to be chosen as the first Governor of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania serving three terms from 1700 to 1799.

Frelinghuysen, Frederick (1753-1804). Clipped signature on 1.5 x 7 in. piece of paper (sight). Matted with print of a Revolutionary War battle and a short biography. Born in Somerville, New Jersey, Frelinghuysen graduated from the College of New Jersey with a law degree in 1770. He was a major in the local militia, and thus in a position of leadership from the beginning of the revolution. He became a captain of artillery and ADC to General Dickinson. In 1778 he was elected to the Continental Congress, serving 1778-1779 and 1782-1783. He was a member of the New Jersey convention that ratified the Constitution. George Washington appointed him Brigadier General in the fight against western Indians in 1790. He also commanded New Jersey forces in the Whiskey Rebellion of 1794 and was subsequently commissioned Major General.

Estimate: $400 - $600
Price Realized Including Buyer's Premium
$250
11/13/2020

9

Revolutionary War-Era Pay Statements Signed by Jedediah Huntington and Oliver Wolcott, Jr.

Lot of 2 Revolutionary War-era pay statements, comprising:

Manuscript Connecticut pay statement signed by Jedediah Huntington as brigadier general in the Continental Army, 2 July 1781, 7.5 x 4.5 in. Major John Ripley is to be paid 100 pounds. 

Huntington (1743-1818) was heavily involved in the Revolution War first with the Norwich military company, later as a colonel with the 20th Regiment of Connecticut Militia, commanded the newly formed 8th Regiment starting in July 1775 which was reorganized as the 17th Continental Regiment with the organization of the Continental Army on Jan. 1, 1776. He was placed in command of the 1st Regiment and later promoted to brigadier general on May 12, 1777, with three Connecticut regiments were placed under his command. He was brevetted as a major general at the conclusion of the war in 1783. 

Partly-printed Connecticut pay statement signed by Oliver Wolcott, Jr., Secretary of the Treasury, 1 April 1783, 6.5 x 5.5 in. Capt. Daniel Allen is to be paid 13 pounds and two shillings. 

Wolcott, Jr. (1760-1833) served in the Continental Army from 1777-1779, he served as the clerk of the Connecticut Committee on Pay-Table from 1781-1782, and a full member from 1782-1784. After the war he was appointed as the second Secretary of the Treasury (1795-1800) by George Washington. He also served as a judge on the Second Circuit of the United States Circuit Court (1801-1802) and as the 24th Governor of Connecticut (1817-1827). 

Estimate: $300 - $500
Unsold

10

Connecticut Western Reserve Deed, 1799, Signed by Several Prominent Figures incl. Revolutionary War General Roger Newberry

Connecticut Western Reserve Deed for 15,004 acres in Braceville, 9.5 x 15.25 in. 4pp, 2nd leaf in 3 fragments. With red wax seal Hartford City Notary Public. Dated October 1, 1802, and expanded on April 2, 1803. 

From the Connecticut Land Company to original purchasers Roger Newberry, Jonathan Brace, and Enoch Perkins of Connecticut; then to an expanded purchasing group of Jonathan Brace, Enoch Perkins, Roger Newberry, and Justin Ely, of Massachusetts and Eliah White and Pardon Brown of Connecticut. 

Rober Newberry (1753-1814) was a major figure in the Connecticut Milita during the Revolution War, commanding the first regiment from May 1777 through February 1781. 

Jonathan Brace (1754-1837) was a lawyer and politician who was a member of the Connecticut General Assembly (1788, 1791-1794), a judge in Hartford (1797-1815), and a Federalist representative in the US House of Representatives (1798-1800). 

 

Estimate: $300 - $400
Price Realized Including Buyer's Premium
$469
11/13/2020

11

Currier American Revolution Lithographs, Lot of 3

Lot of 3.

CURRIER, Nathaniel (1813-1888), publisher. 

Surrender of Cornwallis, at York-Town VA. Oct. 1781 (C.5904; G.6369); Washington. First in War, First in Peace, and First in the Hearts of His Countrymen (C.6538; G.7038); The Declaration of Independence. July 4th 1776 (C.1532; G.1665).

3 lithographs with hand-coloring, 1845; small folio, visible images approx. 9 x 12.5 in., toned, framed (not examined out of frame). 

Estimate: $300 - $500
Price Realized Including Buyer's Premium
$375
11/13/2020

13

Assorted Historical Newspapers Including 1850 Issue of The Liberator Featuring Reportage on the Fugitive Slave Law, Lot of 7

Lot of 7 historical American newspapers, notably including: 

The Liberator. Boston, MA. October 25, 1850. Vol. XX No. 43, Whole No. 1033. 4pp, 18.25 x 24.75 in. Ownership inscription above masthead: "Miss Louisa Simes." With extensive front-page coverage of the Fugitive Slave Act and an article on the "Imprisonment of Colored Seamen." The Fugitive Slave Acto of 1850 had been made law less than a month earlier on September 18th. 

Other newspapers include: 

Gazette of the United States, & Daily Advertiser. Philadelphia, PA. April 1, 1801. Vol. XIX No. 2655. 4pp, 12.75 x 19.75 in. With report from the Sixth Congress. 

Charleston Courier. Charleston, [SC]. June 18, 1807. Vol. V No. 1370. 4pp, 12 x 19.5 in. 

Cincinnati Weekly Gazette. Cincinnati, OH. March 13, 1861. Vol. LXIX No. 39. 4pp, 24.5 x 31 in. Front-page reports on speeches made by William H. Seward and Salmon P. Chase. 

Daily Evening Traveller. Boston, MA. January 13, 1862. Vol. XVII No. 242. 4pp, 20.75 x 26 in. 

The Baltimore Gazette. Baltimore, MD. November 3, 1868. Vol. IX No. 1881. 4pp, 21.5 x 30 in. With reports on the 1868 election. 

The Evening News. Baltimore, MD. July 31, 1873. Vol. II No. 75. 4pp, 12 x 18 in. 

Estimate: $200 - $400
Price Realized Including Buyer's Premium
$281
11/13/2020

14

The Liberator, Final Issue Dated December 29, 1865 Featuring Garrison's "Valedictory" Column

The Liberator. Boston, MA: William Lloyd Garrison, December 29, 1865. Vol. XXXV, No. 52. 4pp. 18.5 x 26 in. This final issue of the famous abolitionist newspaper features a "Valedictory" column by its prominent editor, William Lloyd Garrison. The farewell address emphasizes the radical nature of the paper and the ridicule it provoked: "From the immense change wrought in the national feeling and sentiment on the subject of slavery, the Liberator derived no advantage at any time in regard to its circulation. The original 'disturber of the peace,' nothing was left undone at the beginning, and up to the hour of the late rebellion...it always required rare moral courage or singular personal independence to be among its patrons. Never had a journal to look such opposition in the face—never was one so constantly belied and caricatured."

Garrison defends his at times unpopular position with fervor, writing: "Better to be always in a minority of one with God—branded as madman, incendiary, fanatic, heretic, infidel—frowned upon by 'the powers that be,' and mobbed by the populace—or consigned ignominiously to the gallows...than like Herod, having the shouts of a multitude crying, 'It is the voice of a god, and not of a man!'" He then bids farewell to his readership and ends the address with a final invocation for liberty for all. 

Estimate: $150 - $300
Price Realized Including Buyer's Premium
$313
11/13/2020

16

CDVs and Cabinet Card of General Edmund P. Gaines and his Wife Myra Clark Gaines, Plus

Lot of 4, including CDV of General Edmund Pendleton Gaines (1777-1849) in uniform, originally taken ca 1845. Mathew Brady: New York, n.d., ca 1860s; CDV of Gaine's third wife, Mrs. Myra Clark Gaines (1804-1885), period ink identification on mount below image. E. & H.T. Anthony/Brady: New York, n.d., ca 1860s; and cabinet card of "Mrs. Gen'l. Gaines," as printed on mount recto. C.D. Fredricks & Co.: New York, n.d., ca 1870s. 

During the early 19th Century, Edmund Gaines surveyed routes and boundaries in the Mississippi Territory including parts of the Natchez Trace. In 1807, Gaines was the commandant of Fort Stoddard. During this time, he arrested Aaron Burr and testified at his trial. Gaines also surveyed the route that would become the portion of the Gaines Trace from the Tennessee River to Cotton Gin Port, Mississippi. He afterwards took a leave of absence from the army to practice law. The War of 1812 brought Gaines back to the army and he was appointed major of the 8th US Infantry and in July, 1812, and was made a lieutenant colonel in the 24th US Infantry with distinction at the Battle of Chrysler's Farm. He became adjutant general and was with General William Henry Harrison's army at the Battle of the Thames. He was promoted brigadier general of regulars on March 9, 1814 and commanded the post at Fort Erie after the US capture. General Jacob Brown was wounded at the Battle of Lundy's Lane and when the US Army of the Niagara returned to the fort, command was passed to Gaines. At the Siege of Fort Erie, Gaines was in command of the fortifications on August 15, 1814, when a British assault was bloodily repulsed. For this victory, the First Battle of Fort Erie - Gaines was awarded the Thanks of Congress, an Act of Congress Gold Medal (outranking a Congressional Medal of Honor, according to the Smithsonian), and a brevet promotion to major general. General Gaines was seriously wounded by artillery fire and General Brown, having recovered, returned to command. Gaines' wound ended his active field career for the rest of the war, and he was given command of the Military District Number 6. 

Gaines married Myra Clark Gaines, the illegitimate daughter of Daniel Clark (1766-1813), who was engaged in land speculation and banking in Mississippi and Louisiana territories and amassed huge wealth. His daughter, Myra Clark, conducted the longest court case in US history in the mid to late 19th century against the City of New Orleans trying to regain her inheritance she felt due through her father Daniel Clark. 

With engraving of Zachary Taylor, 5.75 x 9 in. Maj. Gen. Zachary Taylor. Engraved by T.H. Welch: Philadelphia, n.d. Printed by A.E. Lent & Co. After daguerreotype by Maguire. Taylor's facsimile signature below portrait. 

Estimate: $200 - $400
Price Realized Including Buyer's Premium
$125
11/13/2020

17

CDV of Robert Parrott, Inventor of the Parrott Rifle, by F. Wheeler, Cold Spring, NY

CDV vignetted portrait of Robert Parrot (1804-1877). F. Wheeler: Cold Spring, NY, n.d. Imprint on verso. Recto pencil inscribed: "Robt. Parrott / of Parrott Gun / Fame." Additional verso pencil inscription: " Robt. Parrott owner / of West Point / Foundry.

Parrott attended the United States Military Academy at West Point, graduating third in the Class of 1824. Upon graduation, he served as a second lieutenant with the 3rd US Artillery while also working as an instructor at West Point. In 1836, he resigned from the army and became the superintendent of the West Point Iron and Cannon Foundry in Cold Spring, NY, where this image was taken. He invented the Parrott rifle, an innovative muzzle-loading rifled artillery weapon made with a combination of cast and wrought iron. It was manufactured in different sizes from a 10-pounder up to 300-pounder. First produced in 1860, Parrott guns were used extensively in the Civil War on both sides. 

Estimate: $300 - $500
Price Realized Including Buyer's Premium
$200
11/13/2020

18

Sixth Plate Ruby Ambrotype Seated Portrait of a New Jersey Militia Private with Shako

Brilliant sixth plate, hand-tinted ruby ambrotype portrait of a dashing militia private with incredibly sharp detail, highlighted by the stitching on the edges of the cartridge box and the "US" stamped into the cap box he has at his side. Although first suggested that this was a New York militia private, a savvy customer has reached out to note that this is more than likely a New Jersey militiaman. 

The private soldier appears to be wearing a frock coat in dark blue with cadet grey trousers, basically a state copy of the 1857 US dress regulations. The folded overcoat probably of sky blue contrasts nicely with the grey trousers. The shako or cap is the older M1851 pattern having shako plate topped with a horse head and white pom-pom. The horse head was used by New Jersey and can also be seen on the New Jersey state seal, along with other details shown on the shake plate design. A metallic US shield device is set into the top of the shako at the edge of the crown which may point to a specific regiment that, at present, we are unable to identify. 

The image dates to just before the Civil War or just after the start, ca 1861. 

Housed in full case under glass with preserver, but lacking mat. 

Estimate: $300 - $500
Price Realized Including Buyer's Premium
$625
11/13/2020

19

Quarter Plate Tintype of 146th NY Volunteer, "Garrard's Tigers" Zouave Regiment

Quarter plate tintype portrait of a soldier sitting on a bench/trunk in a studio setting with a painted camp scene serving as the backdrop. Housed in full, pressed paper case. The subject is clad in the Zouave-style uniform of baggy blue trousers and red sash characteristic of the 146th New York Regiment, also known as “Garrard’s Tigers.” While the subject is unidentified, a modern paper label accompanying the image suggests that the subject may be Edward Paine or George Tibbets, although these identifications cannot be confirmed. 

Estimate: $300 - $500
Price Realized Including Buyer's Premium
$750
11/13/2020

20

Quarter Plate Tintype of Union Cavalryman

Quarter plate tintype of an unidentified cavalry sergeant. Uncredited. A full-length studio portrait where the jaunty officer holds one hand on his hip and the other holds his sword. He stands in front of a painted backdrop to look like camp and wears his uniform and slouch hat with his bottoms and insignia highlighted in gold. Housed in a pressed paper case. 

Estimate: $200 - $300
Price Realized Including Buyer's Premium
$469
11/13/2020

21

Quarter Plate Tintype of Unidentified Double-Armed Union Soldier

Quarter plate tintype full standing portrait of an unidentified soldier in full uniform including US belt plate, breast plate, and kepi, and armed with a bayoneted rifle and revolver. Housed in pressed paper case fully separated at spine. 

Estimate: $200 - $300
Price Realized Including Buyer's Premium
$594
11/13/2020

22

Quarter Plate Tintype of Three Western Theater Union Soldiers

Quarter plate tintype of three Union soldiers, each wearing a slouch hat, seated on a bench in what appears to be a studio, with a painted camp scene serving as the backdrop. Housed in full, pressed paper case separated at spine. Although the soldiers' regiment and location are unknown, it has been suggested that this trio served in the Western Theater. 

Estimate: $200 - $400
Price Realized Including Buyer's Premium
$138
11/13/2020

23

Sixth Plate Ambrotype of Triple-Armed Union Private

Sixth plate ambrotype of an unidentified triple armed Union private. Uncredited. The private is photographed wearing his uniform holding a bayonetted rifle and a knife and revolver tucked in his belt. His belt fittings, buttons, and bayonet handle are hand-tinted with gold. Housed in a thermoplastic case. [Berg 3-147]. 

Estimate: $200 - $300
Price Realized Including Buyer's Premium
$688
11/13/2020

24

Sixth Plate Ruby Ambrotype of Union Artilleryman

Sixth plate ruby ambrotype of an unidentified Union artilleryman. Uncredited. A studio portrait of the soldier, he is seated above a painted forest backdrop. One hand rests on his lap the other holds his forage cap on top of a walking stick or perhaps his sword. His cheeks and uniform piping are hand-tinted in red and his uniform buttons and shoulder straps are tinted with gold. Housed in a pressed paper case. 

Estimate: $200 - $300
Price Realized Including Buyer's Premium
$500
11/13/2020

25

Oval Tintype of Unidentified Soldier, Possibly 7th Ohio Volunteer Infantry

Oval tintype, 2 x 2.5 in., featuring an unidentified seated soldier in uniform, with buttons highlighted in gold. Housed in an oval velvet push button case. Consignor relates this item came with a large collection of 7th OVI items.

Estimate: $150 - $250
Price Realized Including Buyer's Premium
$88
11/13/2020

26

Sixth Plate Ambrotype of Navy Sailor with Young Boy

Sixth plate ambrotype portrait of a seated Navy sailor with a young boy standing next to him, touching his arm. Housed in pressed paper case fully separated at spine. Back of case with two two-cent revenue stamps with 1864 postmarks. 

Estimate: $150 - $250
Price Realized Including Buyer's Premium
$281
11/13/2020

27

Two CDVs of Union General John F. Reynolds

Two CDVs featuring Union General John Reynolds, including one vignetted bust portrait. EW Addis: Washington, DC; and one oval portrait of the general holding a hat and sword. Hoak & Helm, Strasburg, PA. Two-cent revenue stamp on verso.

A regular with Mexican War and lengthy frontier experience, Reynolds (1820-1863) held a variety of brigade and division-size commands during the first two years of the war before being promoted to major general in November 1862. At Gettysburg, Reynolds had overall command of the vanguard of the Army of the Potomac, consisting of his own 1st Corps (under Doubleday) with the 3rd (Sickles) and 11th (Howard) in echelon. While placing the 2nd Wisconsin on the field during the morning of July 1st, Reynolds was picked off by a rebel sharpshooter and killed.

Estimate: $200 - $400
Price Realized Including Buyer's Premium
$563
11/13/2020

28

Generals Joseph Hooker and William T. Sherman, Pair of CDVs

Lot of 2 CDVs.

CDV portrait in uniform of Union Major General Joseph Hooker, Commander of the Army of the Potomac until his defeat by Confederate General Robert E. Lee at Chancellorsville in 1863. E. & H.T. Anthony / Brady: New York, 1862. Minor spotting/spoiling, mainly in margins.

Seldom seen CDV image of General William Tecumseh Sherman in uniform, seated at a desk. S.M. Fassett’s New Gallery: Chicago, IL, n.d. With two-cent revenue stamp. Toning to image. Insect damage to verso not affecting image. Corner/edge wear to mount, including loss along left edge of mount. 

Estimate: $200 - $400
Price Realized Including Buyer's Premium
$1,500
11/13/2020

29

Two Composite CDVs of Union Generals Francis J. Herron, CMOH, and A.J. Smith with their Staffs

Lot of 2 composite CDVs. 

CDV featuring oval portrait of Major General Francis J. Herron (1837-1902) at center surrounded by oval quarter-length portraits of ten members of his staff, including Lieutenant W.H. Gladwin, W.H. Clark, Capt. Charles H. Steens, Captain E.E. Stockton, and Surgeon O.M. Humphreys. Theodore Lilienthal: New Orleans, LA, March 6, 1865. Lilienthal's copyright on mount below image and imprint on verso. Herron was awarded CMOH in 1892 for "extraordinary heroism" at Pea Ridge; elevated to divisional command and critical to the Union victory at Wilson's Creek; later commanded the 13th Corps. Toning to image and mount, some soiling. Corner/edge wear to mount. 

CDV featuring Major General Andrew Jackson Smith (1815-1897) at center surrounded by oval quarter-length portraits of ten members of his staff, including Major John Hough, Captain Ross Wilkinson, Captain J.A. Sexton, Captain George W. Baker, and Major Lyon. Moses & Piffet: New Orleans, LA, ca 1864. Two-cent revenue stamp on verso, initialed in ink, "M & P." Smith was a pre-war Indian fighter who rose to command the 16th Corps and fought throughout the South with solid leadership during the Civil War. Toning to image. Corner/edge wear to mount, including light creases in top right and left corners of mount. 

Estimate: $250 - $350
Price Realized Including Buyer's Premium
$438
11/13/2020

30

General Benjamin Butler CDVS, Plus General Orders from New Orleans

Lot of 5, including 4 CDVS plus printed orders, comprising:

Full-length portrait of Butler in uniform holding his sword and hat with one hand. E. Jacobs: New Orleans, n.d. Embossed imprint on recto. 

Half-length portrait of Butler in uniform, seated in profile. E. & H.T. Anthony: New York, n.d. Anthony/Brady 501 Broadway imprint on verso. 

Three-quarter-length portrait of Butler standing in profile, holding his hat. Uncredited. Mounted to large card, 3.5 x 5.5 in.

Vignetted portrait of Butler in uniform, standing in profile. John Clarck: n.p., n.d. Imprint on verso, housed in loose album frame page. 

General Order No. 56. Headquarters Department of the Gulf, New Orleans, August 7, 1862. 1 printed page on bifolium. 5.25 x 8.25 in. The document announces the "sad event of the death of Brig. Gen. Thomas Williams, commanding Second Brigade, in Camp, at Baton Rouge," devoting most of the document to Williams' achievements.

 

Estimate: $200 - $300
Price Realized Including Buyer's Premium
$125
11/13/2020

31

Union General Nathaniel Banks CDVs, Incl. Staff Portrait, Most Credited to New Orleans Photographers

Lot of 5 CDVs featuring General Nathaniel Banks. Includes three portraits of the lone general in uniform by Anthony (Brady's Gallery): New York, n.d., B. Moses: New Orleans, n.d., and an unknown photographer. Additional CDVs include a portrait of the general with his family by Moses & Piffet (successors to E. Jacobs & Co.): New Orleans, n.d., ca 1864, with ink inscriptions on verso reading: "Maj. Genl N.P. Banks / and family / U.S. Vols. / Picture taken 1864;" and a group portrait of Banks with staff by E. Jacobs & Co., n.d. 

Before the Civil War, Nathaniel P. Banks was a noted politician. He acted as speaker of the Massachusetts legislature in 1851 and 1852, was a congressman, elected onto the "Know-Nothing" ticket, speaker of the House of Representatives, and Governor of Massachusetts. He was commissioned as a Major General and commanded the 5th Army Corps in the Army of the Potomac. He and his regiment defeated Stonewall Jackson at Winchester, yet, suffered many other defeats (most notably at Shenandoah). In May of 1864 he was relieved of his command and returned to serve in Congress. Mental illness forced him out of public life from 1888 until his death in 1894.

Estimate: $250 - $350
Price Realized Including Buyer's Premium
$406
11/13/2020

32

CDVs of Union Generals, Many from Department of the Gulf, by Blessing, Jacobs, and Piffet, New Orleans

Lot of 10, including 9 CDVs and printed orders, comprising: 

CDV portraits include John C. Frémont, Benjamin Grierson, Cuvier Grover, William Tecumseh Sherman, and 3 views of William B. Franklin. Backmarks include S.T. Blessing: New Orleans; E. Jacobs: New Orleans; E.A. Piffet: New Orleans; Delux Service: Providence, RI; and 3 E. & H.T. Anthony/Brady: New York. 

[With:] Printed document, General Orders No. 11, 4.75 x 8 in. From headquarters at Baton Rouge, dated April 3, 1863. Regarding the naming of the newly constructed fort as Fort Williams, soldier behavior on duty and when returning from leave of absence. 

 

Estimate: $500 - $700
Price Realized Including Buyer's Premium
$406
11/13/2020

33

Signed CDV of Brevet Brigadier General Charles P. Herring, 118th PA Infantry, WIA Fredericksburg and Dabney's Mills, Plus

Lot of 2 CDVs. 

Shoulder-length portrait of Charles Paine Herring, 118th Pennsylvania Infantry. J. Cremer & Co.: Philadelphia, n.d. Autographed below image, "Your Friend, Chas. P. Herring." Herring (1829-1889) enlisted as a major in August of 1862 and was commissioned into Field & Staff with the 118th PA Inf.; WIA Fredericksburg, VA 12/1862; WIA Dabney's Mills, VA 2/1865. He was promoted lieutenant colonel 11/1863; colonel by brevet 12/1864; and brigadier general by brevet 3/1865. Toning to carte. Small pinhole along top edge of image. Mount and image trimmed. 

Full-standing view of sergeant posed with sword in hand. Burnite & Weldon: Harrisburg, PA, n.d. Autographed on verso, "Respectfully Your Cousin, Geo. B. Wampler" (?). Two-cent revenue stamp on verso. HDS lists a "George B. Wampler" who served as a private with the 126th Pennsylvania Infantry and as a sergeant with the Pennsylvania Independent Cavalry, although this identification cannot be confirmed. Toning, few areas of spotting/staining on image. Some corner/edge wear to mount. 

Estimate: $300 - $500
Price Realized Including Buyer's Premium
$313
11/13/2020

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