Lot 13    

Civil War Archive of Col. O.P. Taylor 51st and 161st OVI
2/3/2011 - ONLINE American History Timed Auction
lot of 18 items. Oliver Perry Taylor was 33 years old when he enlisted as a Colonel in the 161 OVI, a 100-day unit. The lot contains a pass to allow "Judge Taylor" onto the Ohio Militia and Volunteer Militia base at Camp Jackson, dated 6 May 1861, just after the start of the war.

A few items are war-dated, the most interesting is a note in an envelope marked Confidential, that contains "countersigns" (written passwords) for the six days from 1 to 6 July 1864, signed by William Maulsby, Col. & AAAG in the MD 1st PHB Infy. and post commander in Martinsburg, WV, where the 161st was sent shortly after mustering into service. The earliest War-related item is also a note signed by Maulsby, informing guards and pickets that Col. Taylor can travel on any road at any time, dated 13 June 1864. From two days later, there is a receipt for Taylor from Jonathan Irvine stating that Irvine sold Taylor a black horse for $100, and if the horse is returned in good condition at the end of Taylor's term of service, he will refund some of that money. The lot contains a receipt covering May 11 - July 25, 1864 for equipment and clothing (poncho, blankets, drawers, trousers, overcoat, canteen, etc.). An undated receipt catalogs returns of unsold pens to Miller & O'Donnell of Martinsburg, WV. Whether this is war-time or simply a relationship established then is not clear. The last dated item is a small (4 x 4.75") piece of paper folded into a triangle. It is from Hd Qrs. Brigade Md. Heights, Aug. 1, 1864 and is a request to countersign for receipt of something. (The password of the day was "South Mountain".) Two undated notes appear to be war-related. One is 2.5 x 5" to John Agnew(?) Please let the 161st Ohio Vo Gaurds [sic] have our Major(??). The other is from Charles Gentsch, an individual with whom Taylor would remain in contact for decades. Writing as 1st Lieut. and RQM of the 51st OVI, Gentsch requests that Taylor assist a man's wife (possibly a Mr. Lehman) procure money from the Goshen Township Treasurer, They are Germans and know little of the formalities of such business transactions.

Later items include a pamphlet from a reunion in New Philadelphia, Ohio, Aug. 28, 1878 of the 30th, 51st, 80th OVVI and 161 OVI, which lists Col. Taylor as the Chief Marshal. A folded card has a note that contains the addresses of members of the 161st from Noble Co., dated 24 June 1889.

Several items relate to the Loyal Legion. Taylor apparently was contacted by Dr. Gentsch in early Oct. 1902 to apply for membership. There is a typed copy of Taylor's reply dated 6 Oct. The next is from an officer of the Legion requesting that Col. Taylor get his application in quickly for membership, explaining that his earlier request was denied because some members did not think the "short service" individuals qualified for membership. They had since changed their minds, apparently influenced by Rutherford Hayes, and decided that the issue was patriotism, not length of service. This is dated 10 Oct. 1902. Taylor replied on 27 Oct. thanking Dr. Gentsch for sending the application and for his help.

The lot contains 4 photographs, two cdvs, one marked G.G. Williams, Co. A, 51st Reg. O.V.U.S.A and the other Ed Gardner, with a New Phila., OH backmark, so clearly someone Taylor would have known, but we were unable to locate him. A cabinet card of Taylor shows him wearing fraternal pins, taken in the late 19th century, with the beard starting to turn grey. A slightly larger card shows 4 generations of Taylor men in a 3.5 x 5" oval image, back notes that O.P Taylor was 76 years old at the time (George 51, Frank 25, Perry 2 mos.).

Given the age of his son in the last image, Oliver Perry Taylor was already a father and breadwinner, probably a judge, when the "Troubles" began. He would have been about 30, and considered old for service. As the war dragged on, older individuals were taken into service. Clearly, by 1864 Taylor thought he should help out at least a little. The 161st was sent to Cumberland, MD immediately after it was taken into Federal service, then it moved to Martinsburg, WV. In June, it accompanied a supply train up the Shenandoah Valley, meeting up with Hunter's army just outside of Staunton. They remained with Hunter a short time before being ordered back to Martinsville and thence back to Ohio.


Condition:  
Paper items as expected. Photo of Williams has clipped corners, photo of adult Taylor somewhat scuffed.
Sold: $293.75
Price includes
Buyer's Premium
      Ask a Question

All Images

don't miss

an opportunity to bid. You can't win if you're not in.

sign up to bid

what's it worth?

ask the experts

sell your item

start selling
Indian Wars CDV of Man Dressed In A Band Uniform With Drum
Lot # 91 - Indian Wars CDV of Man Dressed In A Band Uniform With Drum
ca 1870s, with a W.R. Cross of Niobara, Nebraska, backmark and pencil inscribed "Brady" / Fort Stockton on verso, showing an African American soldier in full uniform standing beside his drum. Fort Stockton, TX was where the majority of the members of the 9th and 10th Cavalry, better known as the "B... > Item Details
U.S. Civil War Import Musician's  Sword and Scabbard
Lot # 262 - U.S. Civil War Import Musician's Sword and Scabbard
30.25 elliptical blade stamped Clauberg heavy brass handle with a brass mounted metal scabbard. > Item Details
Strohmeyer & Wyman Stereoview, <i>Troop A, Ninth U.S. Cavalry</i>
Lot # 98 - Strohmeyer & Wyman Stereoview, Troop A, Ninth U.S. Cavalry
standard size arch-top view on peach Strohmeyer & Wyman stock, with the imprinted caption Troop A, Ninth U.S. Cavalry-Famous Indian Fighters and 1898 copyright line on recto, blank on verso. > Item Details
Cabinet Photograph of <i>Big Tree and his Son, Kiowa</i>, Attributed to Choate
Lot # 130 - Cabinet Photograph of Big Tree and his Son, Kiowa, Attributed to Choate
Albumen photograph on anonymous white stock roughly trimmed to the size of the print, 4" x 5.75", showing a studio shot of Chief Big Tree wearing a mixture of European dress and traditional accoutrements, next to his son who wears a full suit and tie. Chief Big Tree (1850-1929) was convicted of mu... > Item Details
D.F. Barry Photograph of White Girl Captured by Indians
Lot # 145 - D.F. Barry Photograph of White Girl Captured by Indians
Cabinet card with Barry's script on verso White Girl Found with the Indians, but no further identification. With blind stamp Barry in lower left of print and lower right of mount. A scarce image from a prolific Plains photographer. > Item Details
Sixth Plate Tintype of Unknown Foreign Soldier
Lot # 68 - Sixth Plate Tintype of Unknown Foreign Soldier
portrait of an older NCO uniformed in an unusually embellished short frock coat with collar trim and integral cloth musician’s or light infantry wings lightly tinted red. Solid cuffs with overlying flaps are also tinted red as are one set of chevrons that suggest the rank of corporal. He wears a w... > Item Details
Yukon Territory Photograph of <i>Northern Commercial Co.</i> Storefront
Lot # 279 - Yukon Territory Photograph of Northern Commercial Co. Storefront
early 20th century, showing ten men and two dogs posed out front beside a list of prices. Stamped Northern Commercial Co. on verso and affixed with a typewritten label reading GOOD NEWS FOR CUSTOMERS AT EARLY-DAY ARCTIC TRADING POST, -- SUGAR REDUCED TO $100 A SACK!. > Item Details
Five American Indian Photographs
Lot # 110 - Five American Indian Photographs
Lot of 5, including: a circa 1880 cabinet photograph titled in the negative Way-po-ka-rah/a mojave chief, on a moun with gilt beveled edges and a D.A. Markey backmark; an anonymous 6 1/8" x 8 1/8" silver gelatin print of an older Crow man, ca 1900, on a black 10" x 12" mount lacking any imprints or ... > Item Details
Silver Gelatin Photographs of Chief Joseph & Nez Perce Camp, Herbert J. Spinden Collection
Lot # 148 - Silver Gelatin Photographs of Chief Joseph & Nez Perce Camp, Herbert J. Spinden Collection
Lot of 2 unmounted silver gelatin photographs, including: an 8" x 10" photograph of Chief Joseph, circa 1897, attributed to Wells M. Sawyer, an official photographer for the Bureau of American Ethnology, and a 6.5" x 8.5" photograph, identified as a William Henry Jackson photograph from a circa 1871... > Item Details
Civil War-Era Tintype of African-American Nanny and Charge
Lot # 256 - Civil War-Era Tintype of African-American Nanny and Charge
A tender tintype portrait of an African American nanny holding a white infant in her lap and stroking the child's hair, quarter plate, housed in thermoplastic wall frame, 5.375 x 6.375 in. > Item Details
Civil War CDVs of Soldiers, Primarily From New Hampshire
Lot # 50 - Civil War CDVs of Soldiers, Primarily From New Hampshire
Lot of 5, including: a Mead's of Brooklyn backmarked carte, inked on verso Very truly yours, James H. Raymer, Drummer Co B. 48 Regt. N.Y.V., showing the young soldier in a bowtie and his 48th Reg't kepi; an A.W. Kimball of Manchester, N.H. backmarked carte with an a difficult to decipher inked inscr... > Item Details
Ninth Plate Ambrotype of New Hampshire Volunteer Holding Knife,
Lot # 41 - Ninth Plate Ambrotype of New Hampshire Volunteer Holding Knife,
unidentified early war private wearing sack coat and forage cap sporting a utility knife. His kepi bears an illegible company letter and infantry horn over “NHV." > Item Details
Dahlgren Bayonet
[CIVIL WAR] Books about the Army of the Cumberland
Lot # 23 - [CIVIL WAR] Books about the Army of the Cumberland
Lot of 2. Van Horne, Thomas B. History of the Army of the Cumberland: Its Organization, Campaigns, and Battles, Written at the Request of Major-General George H. Thomas. Cincinnati: Robert Clarke & Co., 1875, Vol. 1 only. 8vo in red cloth, gilt on front and spine. Originally issued as two text volum... > Item Details
Apache Infant in Cradle by Ben Wittick
Lot # 157 - Apache Infant in Cradle by Ben Wittick
3.75 x 5.5 in. print, unmounted, showing an infant in a shaded cradleboard among Wittick's familiar studio set (the same blanket, chair, and rock appear in many of his photographs). Circa 1887, captioned in the negative Apache baby and Wittick photo. > Item Details
Large Collection of Stereoviews, Plus
Lot # 213 - Large Collection of Stereoviews, Plus
300 views from dozens of publishers, such as Keystone, Underwood, Anthony, Strohmeyer & Wyman, J.P. Soule, Kilburn, Copelin & Hine, Scheidig, et al. Most of the views show the urban and natural landscapes of the U.S. Northeast, including: 96 views of New York City, 75 of which are by John Scheidig ... > Item Details
<i>Wings Cigarettes</i> Aviation Cards, Plus
Lot # 269 - Wings Cigarettes Aviation Cards, Plus
Lot of approx. 145 cigarette cards, including 105 ca 1940s Wings Cigarettes aviation cards, Series A, B, and C, measuring 1.75" x 2.5" featuring a color illustration on one side and a description of the aircraft on the other, PLUS 32 Player's Cigarettes cards from the Modern Naval Craft series and o... > Item Details
<i>World's Columbian Exposition, Chicago</i> Souvenir Tickets
Lot # 223 - World's Columbian Exposition, Chicago Souvenir Tickets
Lot includes 4 tickets and original envelope in which they came. After the end of the Exposition on Oct 30, 1893, all remaining tickets were sold to the Caxton Company of Chicago which sold them as souvenirs. These four tickets, all beautifully printed by the American Bank Note Co., each feature a... > Item Details
Civil War CDVs of CSA & Union Commanders of the Battle of Gettysburg
Lot # 38 - Civil War CDVs of CSA & Union Commanders of the Battle of Gettysburg
13 CDVs on an 18" x 20" mount with the inked title Commanders of the Battle of Gettysburg July 1,2,3, - 1863 and inked identifications below each carte. Union generals Meade, Hooker, Slocum, Reynolds, Sedgwick, Newton, Howard, and Pleasanton, and Confederate generals Lee, Ewell, Stuart, Hill, and G... > Item Details
David S. Hoyt's Mexican War Appointment and Pension Papers, Plus
Lot # 95 - David S. Hoyt's Mexican War Appointment and Pension Papers, Plus
Lot of 7, including: appointment to Massachusetts Militia as Sergt. of a company of Light Infantry, dated 24 Aug. 1841; 2pp letter on letterhead from Adjutant General, 7 Dec. 1846, in response to raising a regiment to proceed to Mexico; 1p partially printed form for 5 companies of cavalry, dated onl... > Item Details
ITEMS 1-20 of 20
SKIP TO PAGE: