Lot 69    

1877 Election Tickets,
2010, American History Absentee and Live Auction, January 21
3 x 4.5 in., one for Feb. 13, the other for Feb. 15, 1877. Counting the Vote for President and Vice-President, Admit Bearer to Gallery of House of Representatives.

The 1876 election was the most disputed election in history until 2000. It actually began with the conventions. It was thought that Blaine would win the Republican nomination, and he seemed to get closer with every ballot, but no majority emerged. Leaders of the reform faction got together to consider other candidates, settling on Ohio governor, Rutherford B. Hayes. Hayes was nominated on the seventh ballot - the first on which he was put forth. Tilden had an easier time in the Democratic convention, but the Tammany Hall faction strongly opposed Tilden and wielded some influence, though not enough to block Tilden's nomination.

The election itself was also fraught with problems. There was widespread "terrorism" on the part of radical whites in the South, discouraging black participation in the election. Other "improprieties" included printing Republican symbols on Democratic tickets (for the benefit of illiterate voters), confusing the issue. Colorado was admitted to the union on August 1st, too late to print ballots, organize polling, etc. Oregon disputed the selection of one of its electors, since the man, although retired by the time of the election, had been postmaster earlier in the year - a Federal position making him ineligible in the opinion of the Democratic governor, who then selected a Democratic elector to replace the Republican one. And again, the Florida votes were disputed.

On the first count in the electoral college, Tilden had 184 electoral votes, Hayes 165, and 20 votes were disputed. Many of the disputes had to do with certification of the electoral votes - some had the state attorney's signature, others the governor's, one state had a candidate's signature, and Oregon submitted two sets (one with 3 votes for Hayes, the other with one for Tilden and 2 for Hayes - one signed by the secretary of state, one by the governor).

Since the electoral votes are counted in the full Congress by the President of the Senate, as system which had worked up to this point, Democrats feared that the Republican Vice President could chose which set of disputed votes to recognize in the count and sway the election. So a law was passed forming a committee to settle the result. It was composed of five members from each house of Congress and five members of the Supreme Court. The selection of these members was also disputed, though not as vigorously. It has long been alleged that there were some "back room" deals being made, most centering on electing Hayes in exchange for ending Reconstruction and getting the "carpetbaggers" out of the South - something for which southern Democrats had been petitioning for a long time. These deals, if indeed they were made, may have smoothed over the selection of the committee members.

Ultimately all 20 disputed votes were awarded to Hayes, giving him the election by just one electoral vote, 185-184. And Tilden became the first candidate, but not the last, to loose an election while winning the popular vote. Surely those who were present at the vote-counting in Congress that February of 1877 thought that anything might happen (even though it was supposed to have been worked out in the special committee). The actual certification of the election in Congress seems to have been anticlimactic.


Condition:  
Excellent.
Sold: $264.38
Price includes
Buyer's Premium
      Ask a Question

All Images

don't miss

an opportunity to bid. You can't win if you're not in.

sign up to bid

what's it worth?

ask the experts

sell your item

start selling
Early CDV Album From Buck's County, PA
Lot # 46 - Early CDV Album From Buck's County, PA
Front page marked K.L. Stackhouse. Album contains 18 cdvs of men, women and children. In embossed leather album with latches and gilt-edged pages. > Item Details
Nautical Signal Flags
Lot # 213 - Nautical Signal Flags
Lot of 2. Wool with cotton hoist sleeve, 48 x 63 in. Rope hoist with clips for attachment. Half red (toward fly), half white (toward hoist) - the flag for "H", which is on the sleeve. Second is 36 x 53 in.; blue with white rectangle in center - flag for "P," which is written on cotton hoist sleeve, ... > Item Details
Group of Northern California Photographs Collected By Artist James David Smillie, 1871,
Lot # 281 - Group of Northern California Photographs Collected By Artist James David Smillie, 1871,
lot of 3, includes two 4.6" x 7" albumen photographs matted on cardstock, 10.75" x 13.5", one with handwritten caption in lower right corner Cathedral Peak. High Sierras - 11000 ft. above the sea., with a man in the middle ground of the photo pointing a gun at an unknown target, PLUS an unlabeled, a... > Item Details
Civil War Reunion Ribbon of 146th NY Vols., Honoring H.H. Curran,
Lot # 206 - Civil War Reunion Ribbon of 146th NY Vols., Honoring H.H. Curran,
Multi-part pinback ribbon with image of Dr. Curran in shield-shaped shell. 41st Anniversary of the 146th Regiment N.Y. Vols. / Taberg, N.Y., Oct. 9, 1908. Crossed U.S. flags at top, bouillon fringe at bottom. Organized in Oneida County, the 146th mustered into service in Oct. 1862. The following May... > Item Details
Charles M. Bell Photographic Transparency of a Prairie Indian,
Lot # 243 - Charles M. Bell Photographic Transparency of a Prairie Indian,
glass positive encased in a wooden window frame, original portrait taken in Washington, D.C.; glass image 22" x 23", window 36.5" x 27". > Item Details
Perry's Expedition to Japan, Vols. 1 and 2
Lot # 119 - Perry's Expedition to Japan, Vols. 1 and 2
Hawks, Francis L. Narrative of the Expedition of An American Squadron to the China Seas and Japan, Performed in the Years 1852, 1853, and 1854, Under the Command of Commodore M.C. Perry, United States Navy, By Order of the Government of the United States. Washington (DC): A.O.P. Nicholson, 1856. Vol... > Item Details
<i>Articles of Confederation</i> Plus Pennsylvania's Constitution
Lot # 131 - Articles of Confederation Plus Pennsylvania's Constitution
No city, date or printer indicated on portion present, but likely Philadelphia, ca 1778 (when the state ratified). 64pp, 12mo, no covers, signatures stitched together. First 25 pages are Articles of Confederation, remainder is the Constitution of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. After declaring ind... > Item Details
<i>Goupil Gallery of Great War Paintings:</i>
Lot # 122 - Goupil Gallery of Great War Paintings:
A Collection of Photogravures from the Modern Paintings of the Paris Salon with Biographical and Descriptive Text. Boston: Estes and Lauriat, 1890. 4to, brown cloth illustrated boards with gilt front. Ten gravures with protective pages, each with about 2 pages of description. Most images relate to t... > Item Details
Inyo County, CA Letter of Recommendation From Sheriff Sam Spear,
Lot # 233 - Inyo County, CA Letter of Recommendation From Sheriff Sam Spear,
A letter dated August 29, 1942, from the Inyo county sheriff Sam R. Spear. The letter is a letter of reccomendation for a man named Lloyd Day who had been the assistant chief of internal police at the Manzanar camp which held American's of Japanese descent at the outbreak of U.S. involvment in WWII.... > Item Details
<i>Atlas of Logan County Ohio</i>, 1890
Lot # 139 - Atlas of Logan County Ohio, 1890
14.75 x 17.5 in. bound book with gold print on cover reading Atlas of Logan County Ohio, D.J.Lake & Co., 1890. Inside cover contains road map of Logan Co. Ohio. Atlas includes table of contents, with colored maps of townships, towns, and villages within Logan Co. > Item Details
Full Plate Ambrotype of a Couple at Niagara Falls
Lot # 11 - Full Plate Ambrotype of a Couple at Niagara Falls
Seated couple with man holding top hat, directly beside Niagara Falls. > Item Details
Chatty Confederate Letter,
Lot # 193 - Chatty Confederate Letter,
2pp, Alexandria, LA, 6 Feb. 1862. On very thin ("onion skin" paper). John Dowty(?) to his friend Frank Rodney. First part exhorts his friend for not staing in touch. We all had been informed that you was a prisoner at Cairo and had been released and was arrested the second time and had come to the c... > Item Details
G.A.R. Souvenir Booklets of the 43rd National Encampment, Salt Lake City, 1909,
Lot # 208 - G.A.R. Souvenir Booklets of the 43rd National Encampment, Salt Lake City, 1909,
lot of 2 1909 booklets August 1909 Official Souvenir 43rd National Encampment Grand Army of the Republic Salt Lake City, Utah. In addition to the text and images detailing the encampment, are many pages devoted to the promotion and history of Salt Lake City and Utah in general. Images include mining... > Item Details
Lockport, New York Glass Negatives
Lot # 50 - Lockport, New York Glass Negatives
Includes approx. 99 glass plate negatives taken at Lockport, New York, from 1898 to 1899. Pictures were taken at the Erie barge canal, a church, and the Lockport bank. All plates are labeled in their original envelopes. Plates come in large tin case. Plates range in size from 4 x 5 in. to 2 x 2.5 in... > Item Details
Large Silver Print of General Lee on Traveler,
Lot # 181 - Large Silver Print of General Lee on Traveler,
10.5" x 13.5", mounted on period card stock (16" x 20"), and marked in negative lower left Copyright 1906/John Hedges. > Item Details
Civil War Letter From William Buckingham, Connecticut, Governor,
Lot # 188 - Civil War Letter From William Buckingham, Connecticut, Governor,
Buckingham, William (1804-1875). Governor of Connecticut. ALS, 1pg, 7.75 x 9.5 in. Norwich, Connecticut. Jan 14th, 1863. On Executive Department letterhead. Addressed to Doctor JS Hulbane. The Governor expresses his view that he does not approve ...in charging fees for examining recruits wile you we... > Item Details
William Henry Jackson (Attributed) Rocky Mountain Photographs
Lot # 279 - William Henry Jackson (Attributed) Rocky Mountain Photographs
Lot of 4 silver gelatin photographs attributed to William Henry Jackson, including various views of the Rocky Mountains; 6.75 x 8.75 in., mounted on stock, framed, and glazed, 13.5 x 15.5 in. > Item Details
Railroad Broadsides and Booklets
Lot # 238 - Railroad Broadsides and Booklets
lot of 5 includes an 1884 document from the Oregon Railway and Navigation Department, listing stations in goegraphical order of destinations. Bottom is printed F.A. Burnap, Car Accountant. PLUS a 1901 time table broadside of the Eureka and Palisade Railroad Time Table No. 34, listing times and dista... > Item Details
Boudoir Photograph of a Mounted Cowboy and His Winchester Rifle
Lot # 302 - Boudoir Photograph of a Mounted Cowboy and His Winchester Rifle
albumen photograph showing a cowboy on his horse carrying a Winchester rifle and a holstered model 1878 Colt D.A. revolver. > Item Details
Henry A. Kippen, 25th Connecticut, Civil War CDV,
Lot # 166 - Henry A. Kippen, 25th Connecticut, Civil War CDV,
CDV of Henry A. Kippen of Hartford, CT, on double gold line border with bottom labeled Lieut H.A. Kippen Co. K Reg W. Kippen enlisted 8/20/1862 as a 1st lieutenant into company K of the Connecticut 25th infantry. > Item Details
ITEMS 1-20 of 20
SKIP TO PAGE: