Lot 536    

Mexican War Archive of Capt. E.C. Williams 2nd Pennsylvania Infantry,
2007, Historic Americana, June 6 & 7
lot of 19. Including four war dated letters to Williams; partially printed promotion document of a private Lieb to 2nd Lt., Mexico City; one manuscript letter to Williams, dated 1843; five manuscript Muster Rolls/Morning Reports 1847-48, one undated but titled Mexico and one undated and likely Mexico; four partially printed musters/equipment accounts, with war dates, General Order No. 11 dated Harrisburg, 1846; printed petition from 2nd Pa. infantry to Pa. legislature; Williams` wedding certificate, AND his wife`s Mexican War Widow document.

Two infantry regiments were raised in Pennsylvania for the war on Mexico in 1846 to 1848, both earning their laurels in hard combat. The 2nd Regiment linked up with Gen. Winfield Scott at Vera Cruz and saw action at Cerro Gordo, Jalapa, Puebla, Contreras, and Churubusco, and finally marched into the capital in September to force the capitulation of the capitol. This small collection of letters and documents from the Philadelphian Edward C. Williams, who commanded Company G throughout its service, includes five letters written by friends in the seat of the Pennsylvania legislature, Harrisburg, between Feb. and May, 1848. During the Civil War, Williams returned to the service as Col. of the 9th Pennsylvania Cavalry.

Reflecting the attitudes of ardently pro-war Democrats, the letters to Williams are filled with the sort of talk that still echoes today, and with pride (and perhaps envy) at the gallantry displayed by Williams’ regiment in battle as well as with news of political affairs at home. In typical fashion, one friend of Williams’ mixes what he has heard of the exploits of the 2nd Regiment with news of the political scene at home: I see by the papers your company has been pretty well reduced having but 24 men left. This is what I anticipated in their going into that climate. You mention that peace is very nigh at hand for it seems that Jimmy Polk wants a little larger slice than they are willing to give from their country. And then he will have Catholics enough to make two or three more democratic Loco Foco states and secure the future triumphs of the party… The Whigs are making fools of themselves with H. Clay at their head in denouncing the war. The right way would have been to fought it through as soon as possible and then attack the administration for commencing the war in the manner they did. Clay and his friends are making great efforts to have him put in nomination for the Presidency, but I think they will be beat out. My impression is Gen Taylor or Scott will be nominated. I prefer Scott to all others, but will be satisfied with Taylor….

In keeping with the echoes to the present day, another friend complained bitterly of how the wrangling in Washington had affected the army: There seems to me to be an unpardonable delay in Congress in relation to raising men for the Mexican Service. The unfortunate and intemperate speeches made at Washington in relation to Mexico with the delays attending them has caused much suffering in the army and great loss of life from disease and otherwise,. I can fully appreciate opposition to the war with a Foreign power before it has commenced But after it has begun here all opposition it seems to me should cease, and every patriot who loves his country and the men who have volunteered to defend our rights I would suppose would feel himself bound to lend every means to prosecute it to a speedy termination….

Although the home front letters are excellent, the bulk of the collection comes from the war zone, consisting of an important trove of documents relating to Williams’ duties with the 2nd Pennsylvania. These range from the printed 1p. general orders no. 11 (Dec. 1846) authorizing raising the regiment to a morning report for Co. G; three highly detailed descriptive rolls for privates in the company; three partially printed returns for the company (June and Dec., 1847, May 1848) indicating unit strength; a partially printed honorable discharge for Pvt. Christian Leib, signed by Williams; and finally a war widow’s pension form, 1904. Two spectacular muster rolls crown the collection: a large printed muster roll for Williams’ company filled in for Oct.-Dec. 1847, and more notable still, an oversized hand written roll apparently recorded at the time of mustering out, listing every soldier, promotions, discharges, wounds, and deaths.

Of special note is an exceptionally scarce printed broadside petition from the officers of Company G to the Pennsylvania Senate, complaining of their ill treatment respecting pay due them for their service. The collection also includes Williams’ marriage certificate and an attractive, and exceptionally delicate, pocket watch approximately 1 inch in diameter.

A nice collection of documents and letters from a well-regarded regiment of the Mexican War. Great insight into a divisive American war and its political ramifications.

Archive includes a gold open-face key-wind lady`s lapel watch that belonged to his wife and was carried by him in both the Mexican and Civil Wars, marked Breguet, serial number 15107, with engraved silver dial, gold case has floral engraved back, 1.2" diameter.


Condition:  
Generally in good condition, with some tears and minor soiling. We do not guarantee working order of watches.
Sold: $1,495.00
Price includes
Buyer's Premium
      Ask a Question

All Images

don't miss

an opportunity to bid. You can't win if you're not in.

sign up to bid

what's it worth?

ask the experts

sell your item

start selling
Sixth Plate Daguerreotype of an Older Gentleman,
Lot # 920 - Sixth Plate Daguerreotype of an Older Gentleman,
taken at close range of a surly old man. The man is taken nearly in profile and he looks off into the distance with a grumpy look on his face. The mat and protective glass are original and the case is in great shape and also original. The inside cushion is a soft pink and the case is a brown with... > Item Details
Fifty-Two Albumen New York Images by Robert Bracklow,
Lot # 1062 - Fifty-Two Albumen New York Images by Robert Bracklow,
includes 35 albumen prints mounted on 4.25 x 5.25" cardstock and 17 albumen images on larger cardstock measuring 5.25 x 8.5". The photographs are examples of Bracklow's earlier "Glimpses Through the Camera" from New York. He was most prolific in the 1900's, but these are dated from 1887-1891. The... > Item Details
34 Dakota Territorial CDV Portraits,
Lot # 1180 - 34 Dakota Territorial CDV Portraits,
includes 14 children, 8 women, 10 men and 1 family, nearly all from Dakota Terr., photographers include A.J. Applequist, Ellendale, Pollock & Boyden, Deadwood, F.Jay Haynes, Fargo, Munson, Madison, Hudson & Munson Sioux Falls, Caswell & Davy, Duluth, Theo. J. Hingtgen, Wahpeton, Elite Art Gallery, H... > Item Details
Two CDV'S of Shoshone Indians,
Lot # 154 - Two CDV'S of Shoshone Indians,
includes one photograph by Louis Monaco, Eureka imprint on recto and verso of mount showing a portrait of three men holding bows and arrows, our neighbors the Shoshonese [sic] inscribed on verso; AND another image of four young men relaxing and wrapped in blankets, no photographer's mark. Louis Mona... > Item Details
Spectacular Photograph of George A. Custer with Sheridan and His Staff,
Lot # 77 - Spectacular Photograph of George A. Custer with Sheridan and His Staff,
platinum print 14 x 16", enlarged from the original negative taken in the Washington, D.C. studio of Alexander Gardner on January 2, 1865. Printed and published by Moses P. Rice in 1892, and illustrated in Katz' Custer in Photographs (K-46). Signed in white ink on the print in the lower left with Ri... > Item Details
J.C. Grabill Bird's-eye Photograph of Deadwood, Dakota Territory,
Lot # 403 - J.C. Grabill Bird's-eye Photograph of Deadwood, Dakota Territory,
7.5 x 8.75" mounted on larger mount with his Chicago Portrait and View Company hand stamp on verso. Titled in negative No. 8621 "DEADWOOD DAKOTA" A part of the city from Forest Hill. Grabill's photo studio identified in the view. > Item Details
[WESTERN RAILROADS.] <i>Explorations and Surveys for a Railroad Route from the Mississippi River to the Pacific Ocean</i>,
Lot # 269 - [WESTERN RAILROADS.] Explorations and Surveys for a Railroad Route from the Mississippi River to the Pacific Ocean,
12 volumes. Reports of Explorations and Surveys, to Ascertain the Most Practicable and Economic Route For a Railroad from the Mississippi River to the Pacific Ocean Made Under the Direction of the Secretary of War..., from 1855-60, Beverley Tucker and other Washington D.C. printers. Complete 12 vol... > Item Details
Sixth Plate Daguerreotype of a Mother & Child,
Lot # 985 - Sixth Plate Daguerreotype of a Mother & Child,
includes a lock of blond hair on the inside cushion, probably from the child on the mother's lap. Both sitters stare directly at the camera. Plate has original seal and case, which is black and slightly worn. The case also has gold design along the inside rim. Plate is in good condition except f... > Item Details
[COLORADO BRANDS] Rare 1885  Colorado Brand Book,
Lot # 293 - [COLORADO BRANDS] Rare 1885 Colorado Brand Book,
Bent County Brand Book. Containing the Brand of the Bent County Stock Association.. Printed at the Leader Office. West Animas, Colorado. Tall 12mo, full calf, 80pp, containing illustrated index, pp.9-51 with cuts of cattle and horses with descriptions of ranch brands, pp.52-54 the By Laws of the Ass... > Item Details
Three Scarce Archaeological Works on American Indians,
Lot # 1283 - Three Scarce Archaeological Works on American Indians,
titles include The Ancient Culture of the Fremont River in Utah: Report on the Explorations Under the Claflin-Emerson Fund, 1928-29, Papers of the Peabody Museum of American Archaeology and Ethnology, Harvard University Vol. XII No. 3, by Noel Morse, 1931, Cambridge, Massachusetts, 8vo in printed pa... > Item Details
Scarce Prospectus for a Utah Territory Irrigation System with Map,
Lot # 244 - Scarce Prospectus for a Utah Territory Irrigation System with Map,
A Desscsription of the Location, Works and Business of the Bear Lake and River Water Works and Irrigation Co. Kansas City, Mo.: Hudson-Kimberly Publishing Co., 1889. 8vo, maroon covered boards, gilt lettering and design on front and back covers, 99pp plus 1 ad page, foldout map of "Northern Utah and... > Item Details
Two Scarce CDVs of  African Americans in Plantation Cotton Field,
Lot # 848 - Two Scarce CDVs of African Americans in Plantation Cotton Field,
includes a heavily trimmed cdv of African American women and children picking cotton in field, and another card mounted image of men and women picking cotton with imprint of Geo. L. Cook, Charleston, S.C.. > Item Details
Scarce Stereoview of Captain Jack,
Lot # 1308 - Scarce Stereoview of Captain Jack,
with inked manuscript title along right margin Texan Scout albumen on yellow 3.5" x 7" flat card stock with imprint on back of W.H. Tipton & Co. Gettysburg, Pa.. Seated studio view of Jack in a very elaborate western outfit. > Item Details
Framed Photograph of Captain Jack Crawford and Hickok's Father
Lot # 463 - Framed Photograph of Captain Jack Crawford and Hickok's Father
5 x 7" silver gelatin image on grey 8 x 8.75" mount with imprint of Muzzy, Mendota, Illinois, showing Horace D. Hickok, Dr. Joseph Edwards, and aged Captain Jack Crawford and "Mr. Harbaugh" posed on the front porch of the Hickok home in Illinois. A Rare image of Wild Bill's father. AUCTIONEER'S NOTE... > Item Details
Gathering of American Indian Stereoviews,
Lot # 206 - Gathering of American Indian Stereoviews,
lot of 21, including a W.H. Jackson photograph for the U.S.G.S. of Shoshone Village; PLUS three taken by C.W. Carter of Paiute and Shoshones, all on his Salt Lake City green mounts; PLUS an Argell and Chamberlain image of a line of tipis; PLUS F.H. Rogers and Co., Los Angeles, photograph of Indian H... > Item Details
1878 New Mexico Mining Company Certificate,
Lot # 1256 - 1878 New Mexico Mining Company Certificate,
a lithographed 6.75” x 9.75” stock certificate for The New Mexico Mining Company for 100 shares with placer mining scene in center. > Item Details
Three Jenny Lind Figurines, Staffordshire, Parian Plus,
Lot # 525 - Three Jenny Lind Figurines, Staffordshire, Parian Plus,
includes an unmarked Parian porcelain bust portrait on pedestal with Jenny Lind, 9" high, PLUS a polychrome painted Staffordshire figurine of Jenny dressed as Maria in the opera La Figia Del Reggimento with Jenny Lind in gold on base, 7.6" high, AND a polychrome painted porcelain bisque figurine of... > Item Details
Three CDVs  by the Jackson Brothers  of Omaha,
Lot # 58 - Three CDVs by the Jackson Brothers of Omaha,
lot of 3, all with Jackson Brothers' Omaha, Nebraska imprint on verso. Images include two bird's-eye views of the city, with the third image of a streetscape, the Omaha National Bank on the corner. > Item Details
D.F. Barry Photograph of John Grass,
Lot # 1131 - D.F. Barry Photograph of John Grass,
3/4-length portrait in full eagle feather headdress, facing left with Barry blindstamp on front and printed label on back of card stock, 11.25" x 15". > Item Details
[AGRICULTURE - NEW YORK] State of New York-Department of Agriculture Reports on Apple, Peach and Grape Production,
Lot # 755 - [AGRICULTURE - NEW YORK] State of New York-Department of Agriculture Reports on Apple, Peach and Grape Production,
Beach, S.A. The Apples of New York. Albany, NY: J.B. Lyon Company Printers, 1905. 2vols., 8vo, green paper boards, gilt lettering on spine, gilt lettering and design on front. Vol. I 409 pp, Vol. II 360pp. B/w and color illustrations. Over 200 color and half-tone plates of apples. Report of the New... > Item Details
ITEMS 1-20 of 20
SKIP TO PAGE: