Lot 256    

Jacob Eichholtz (American, 1776-1842), Portrait of Abraham Lincoln's Physician
5/19/2012 - Spring Fine and Decorative Art
Oil on canvas, ca 1836, unsigned, a portrait of Abraham Lincoln's physician, Major William Smith Wallace of Lancaster, PA and Springfield, IL; 29 x 24 in.

A nearly lifelong resident of Lancaster, PA, Jacob Eichhholtz enjoyed a fruitful career as a predominantly self-taught American portrait painter. The grandson of a German immigrant, Eichholtz studied in the "English School" at Franklin College in 1787; he continued his education as an apprentice to a copper and tinsmith. But by 1806, Eichholtz gave up tinsmithing and began painting profile portraits after brief meetings with the English-trained portrait painters Thomas Sully and Gilbert Stuart. Working from 1805-1842, Eichholtz's work draws heavily on the American neoclassical period by conveying direct, calm, and self-assured depictions of men and women. During his lifetime, Eichholtz experienced a fair amount of success as a portrait painter, especially after moving to Philadelphia in 1823, where he lived intermittently the rest of his life. However, he always remained quintessentially a Lancaster, PA artist. As historian Rebecca Beal explains, although [Eichholtz] enjoy[ed] substantial success in Philadelphia and Baltimore, he remained in spirit the artist of Lancaster and Pennsylvania Germans...[who spoke] for a simpler, plainer America...of unpretentious, hard-working, deeply patriotic Americans.

Also a native of Lancaster, PA, Major William Smith Wallace was born on August 10, 1802 to John and Lydia Smith Wallace. In 1824 he graduated from the Jefferson Medical College of Philadelphia and began practicing in Lancaster county. A decade later, he established his own practice and a drugstore in Springfield, IL. Shortly thereafter, he married Frances Jane Todd (b. 1817), daughter of Robert Todd of Lexington, KY and sister of Mary Todd Lincoln, in 1839. Together the two had six children.

In 1843, Dr. Wallace became Abraham Lincoln's physician, after Lincoln married Wallace's sister-in-law Mary Todd. In 1861, Wallace accompanied the president to Washington D.C. for his inagural address on March 4, 1861; the Wallaces became frequent guests at the White House during the president's tenure. Lincoln appointed Wallace paymaster of volunteers, with the rank of major in 1862.

After Dr. Wallace's death on May 23, 1867, the painting passed to his daughter, Mary Todd Jacobs Wallace, who married Colonel John Pope Baker. A lawyer by trade, Baker was appointed by President Lincoln to the 1st United States dragoons in Washington City, and served in the battle of Bull's Run on July 21, 1861.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Rebecca J. Beal, Jacob Eichholtz 1776-1842: Portrait Painter of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA: The Historical Society of PA, 1969, pp. 243 and 350 (pictured).


Provenance:  
Property of John Pope Baker II, St. Louis, MO.
From Major and Mrs. Wallace Fairchild Baker
From Col. and Mrs. John Pope Baker (Mary Todd Jacobs Wallace)
From Major William Smith Wallace.


Condition:  
Relined. Very light and scattered inpainting from previous restoration, including small dashes along sitter's hair, and next to sitter's ear.
Sold: $5,875.00
Price includes
Buyer's Premium
      Ask a Question

All Images

don't miss

an opportunity to bid. You can't win if you're not in.

sign up to bid

what's it worth?

ask the experts

sell your item

start selling
German Figural Inkwell
Lot # 377 - German Figural Inkwell
German. A figural porcelain inkwell of a woman seated in a chair with a book on her lap. Lifting off the figure reveals the enclosed inkwells, unmarked; ht. 5 in. > Item Details
Queen Anne Gaming Table
Lot # 76 - Queen Anne Gaming Table
English. Queen Anne gaming table in walnut having one scratch beaded long drawer over turned legs ending in pad feet on discs; ht. 29, wd. 40, dp. 17 in. > Item Details
Chinese Flambe-glazed Lamps
Lot # 421 - Chinese Flambe-glazed Lamps
Chinese. A pair of flambe-glazed vases configured as table lamps, fitted with gilt bronze rococo-style bases. With shades; ht. 37 in. (with shade). > Item Details
George III Sterling Forks
Lot # 9 - George III Sterling Forks
London, England, ca 1787-1804. Thirteen sterling silver forks, all marked for London and Sterling. Includes six forks dated 1802 and hallmarked SH for Soloman Houghman; six forks dated 1787 and hallmarked GS/WF for George Smith III and William Fearn; and one fork dated 1804 and hallmarked TB for Tho... > Item Details
Arts & Crafts Inkwells
Lot # 396 - Arts & Crafts Inkwells
20th century. Two Arts & Crafts inkwells, including one brass inkwell with glass inlay, the brass with reserves and central oval medallions, having a mother of pearl and copper pen, and a green glass circular-shaped inkwell with painted geometric design, having a brass shell-shaped lid, all unmarke... > Item Details
Bateman Sterling Spoons
Lot # 44 - Bateman Sterling Spoons
London, England, ca 1782-1789. Five tablespoons and one pierced ladle, all marked for London, Sterling, with hallmarks HB for Hester Bateman, dated 1782, 1786, 1784, 1788, 1789, and 1790; lg. 8.75 in., silver wt. 10.51ozt (327g). > Item Details
Equestrian Inkwells
Lot # 381 - Equestrian Inkwells
20th century. Two equestrian inkwells, including a brass inkwell depicting a horsehead inside a horseshoe, marked ASA / Made in Japan, and a deer hoof inkwell, unmarked; deer hoof lg. 5.25, ht. 3.5 in. > Item Details
Mary Louise McLaughlin (Ohio, 1847-1939), Still Life
Lot # 187 - Mary Louise McLaughlin (Ohio, 1847-1939), Still Life
Oil on canvas, depicting roses in a vase and signed u.l. and dated 1894; 13.75 x 17.75 in. > Item Details
Indian Sterling Tea Set
Lot # 47 - Indian Sterling Tea Set
Calcutta, India. A three-piece sterling silver tea service which includes an ornately hammered and repoussé lidded tea pot, a creamer, and sugar bowl, all with floral and arabesque design; all unmarked; tea pot, ht. 6.5 in.; silver wt. 42.88ozt (1334g). > Item Details
Miniature Chest of Drawers
Lot # 199 - Miniature Chest of Drawers
American, 20th century. A miniature chest of drawers of walnut with pine secondary, having two drawers over one long drawer, rising on turned feet; ht. 15, wd. 18.5, dp. 18.25 in. > Item Details
<i>Coalport</i> Dessert Plates
Lot # 137 - Coalport Dessert Plates
English, 19th century. Three Coalport dessert plates, two in apple green and one in turquoise, each with a scalloped rim with reserves of flowers, birds and butterflies, all marked COALPORT / A.D. 1750.; dia. 9.25 in. > Item Details
Art Deco Sterling Bowl
Lot # 409 - Art Deco Sterling Bowl
New York, ca 1896-1925. An Art Deco sterling silver bowl by Woodside Sterling Co., on a raised stand comprised of stylized tendrils and leaves, the bottom hallmarked for Woodside Sterling Co., New York, and marked Sterling; dia. 9.5 in., silver wt. 36.34ozt (1130.5g). > Item Details
Chabela (American, 20th century), <i>School Yard Scene</i>
American Painted Fancy Chairs
Lot # 222 - American Painted Fancy Chairs
Mid-Atlantic, 19th century. A set of six Fancy side chairs with tablet crests, medial splats and ring and ball turned legs, in original chrome yellow paint with black, dark green and gold trim, each with individually painted crestrails, some with hunter's, travelers or boats, and with classical dec... > Item Details
George III Sterling Spoons and Ladle
Lot # 14 - George III Sterling Spoons and Ladle
London, England, ca 1767-1814. Fifteen pieces of sterling silver flatware, all marked for London and Sterling. Includes one sauce ladle with hallmarks TW for Thomas Wallis II, dated 1790; four teaspoons with hallmarks TW, three dated 1809 and one dated 1802; two teaspoons with hallmarks SH for Solom... > Item Details
Chinese Export Mother-of-Pearl Inlaid Bench and Chair
Lot # 298 - Chinese Export Mother-of-Pearl Inlaid Bench and Chair
Chinese Export. A mother-of-pearl inlaid bench and chair in rosewood, the bench with a shaped back having three marble plaques, the chair a shaped back having one marble plaque, both with mother-of-pearl inlay depicting flowers and animals; bench ht. 34, wd. 71.25, dp. 17.25 in., chair oah 35.5, se... > Item Details
Bateman Sterling Tablespoons
Lot # 31 - Bateman Sterling Tablespoons
London, England, 1791. Five sterling silver tablespoons each marked for London, Sterling, dated 1791, and hallmarked PB/AB for Peter and Ann Bateman; lg. 7.25 in., silver wt. 4.92ozt (153g). > Item Details
Japanese Moriage Vase on Stand
Lot # 427 - Japanese Moriage Vase on Stand
Japan, 20th century.  An enameled porcelain vase with moriage and gilt decoration of a phoenix, hanging wisteria, a landscape and prunus blossoms, unmarked, on a black stand; ht. 12.5 in. Letter written to curator of Tiwan National Museum included, as well as small photographs of the vase included.... > Item Details
Knox Martin (New York, b. 1923) Cubist Silkscreen
Kentucky Cannonball Bed
Lot # 216 - Kentucky Cannonball Bed
Kentucky, 19th century. A four post cannonball rope bed in cherry with bold turnings; ht. 61.25, wd. 57, lg. 82.5 in. > Item Details
ITEMS 1-20 of 20
SKIP TO PAGE: