Lot 256    

Jacob Eichholtz (American, 1776-1842), Portrait of Abraham Lincoln's Physician
5/19/2012 - Spring Fine and Decorative Art
Oil on canvas, ca 1836, unsigned, a portrait of Abraham Lincoln's physician, Major William Smith Wallace of Lancaster, PA and Springfield, IL; 29 x 24 in.

A nearly lifelong resident of Lancaster, PA, Jacob Eichhholtz enjoyed a fruitful career as a predominantly self-taught American portrait painter. The grandson of a German immigrant, Eichholtz studied in the "English School" at Franklin College in 1787; he continued his education as an apprentice to a copper and tinsmith. But by 1806, Eichholtz gave up tinsmithing and began painting profile portraits after brief meetings with the English-trained portrait painters Thomas Sully and Gilbert Stuart. Working from 1805-1842, Eichholtz's work draws heavily on the American neoclassical period by conveying direct, calm, and self-assured depictions of men and women. During his lifetime, Eichholtz experienced a fair amount of success as a portrait painter, especially after moving to Philadelphia in 1823, where he lived intermittently the rest of his life. However, he always remained quintessentially a Lancaster, PA artist. As historian Rebecca Beal explains, although [Eichholtz] enjoy[ed] substantial success in Philadelphia and Baltimore, he remained in spirit the artist of Lancaster and Pennsylvania Germans...[who spoke] for a simpler, plainer America...of unpretentious, hard-working, deeply patriotic Americans.

Also a native of Lancaster, PA, Major William Smith Wallace was born on August 10, 1802 to John and Lydia Smith Wallace. In 1824 he graduated from the Jefferson Medical College of Philadelphia and began practicing in Lancaster county. A decade later, he established his own practice and a drugstore in Springfield, IL. Shortly thereafter, he married Frances Jane Todd (b. 1817), daughter of Robert Todd of Lexington, KY and sister of Mary Todd Lincoln, in 1839. Together the two had six children.

In 1843, Dr. Wallace became Abraham Lincoln's physician, after Lincoln married Wallace's sister-in-law Mary Todd. In 1861, Wallace accompanied the president to Washington D.C. for his inagural address on March 4, 1861; the Wallaces became frequent guests at the White House during the president's tenure. Lincoln appointed Wallace paymaster of volunteers, with the rank of major in 1862.

After Dr. Wallace's death on May 23, 1867, the painting passed to his daughter, Mary Todd Jacobs Wallace, who married Colonel John Pope Baker. A lawyer by trade, Baker was appointed by President Lincoln to the 1st United States dragoons in Washington City, and served in the battle of Bull's Run on July 21, 1861.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Rebecca J. Beal, Jacob Eichholtz 1776-1842: Portrait Painter of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA: The Historical Society of PA, 1969, pp. 243 and 350 (pictured).


Provenance:  
Property of John Pope Baker II, St. Louis, MO.
From Major and Mrs. Wallace Fairchild Baker
From Col. and Mrs. John Pope Baker (Mary Todd Jacobs Wallace)
From Major William Smith Wallace.


Condition:  
Relined. Very light and scattered inpainting from previous restoration, including small dashes along sitter's hair, and next to sitter's ear.
Sold: $5,875.00
Price includes
Buyer's Premium
      Ask a Question

All Images

don't miss

an opportunity to bid. You can't win if you're not in.

sign up to bid

what's it worth?

ask the experts

sell your item

start selling
Kentucky Cannonball Bed
Lot # 216 - Kentucky Cannonball Bed
Kentucky, 19th century. A four post cannonball rope bed in cherry with bold turnings; ht. 61.25, wd. 57, lg. 82.5 in. > Item Details
Leaded and Stained Glass Panels
Lot # 348 - Leaded and Stained Glass Panels
American, late 19th century. Six leaded stain glass panels, removed from the Bethesda Hospital on Oak Street, Cincinnati, Ohio; ht. 27, wd. 15 in. > Item Details
Roseville Persian <i>Jardinière</i>
Lot # 362 - Roseville Persian Jardinière
American.  An Art Nouveau-style jardinière with stylized flowers and leaves, unmarked, attributed to Roseville Pottery; ht. 6 in. > Item Details
Loetz Inkwells
Lot # 367 - Loetz Inkwells
Austrian. Three art glass inkwells including one inkwell in the style of Loetz and with sterling silver mounted lid and acid etched iridescent design and marked Sterling on lid, one art glass inkwell attributed to Loetz with a green iridescent color and with a brass lid with leaf... > Item Details
George III Sterling Forks
Lot # 9 - George III Sterling Forks
London, England, ca 1787-1804. Thirteen sterling silver forks, all marked for London and Sterling. Includes six forks dated 1802 and hallmarked SH for Soloman Houghman; six forks dated 1787 and hallmarked GS/WF for George Smith III and William Fearn; and one fork dated 1804 and hallmarked TB for Tho... > Item Details
Leonard Reedy (American, 1899-1956), <i>Squaw and Travois</i>
Japanese Cloisonné Vase
Lot # 428 - Japanese Cloisonné Vase
Japanese.  A cloisonné bronze vase, having a floral design, geometric bordering, medallions along perimeter, and separately cast beast handles; ht. 12 in. Marked Made in Japan but executed in Chinese style. Deaccession number on base. > Item Details
John Rettig (Ohio, 1859-1932), Pastoral Scene
Lot # 179 - John Rettig (Ohio, 1859-1932), Pastoral Scene
Oil on board, depicting cows in meadows, executed in impressionistic manner, possibly showing influence of Edward Volkert (1871-1935), a friend and Cincinnati contemporary, signed and dated 12 l.l.; 6 x 8.75 in. > Item Details
Bateman Sterling Creamer
Lot # 39 - Bateman Sterling Creamer
London, England, 1800. A sterling silver creamer having a reeded edge and handle, marked for London, Sterling, dated 1800, and with hallmarks PB/AB/WB for Peter, Ann, and William Bateman; ht. 5 in., silver wt. 5.59ozt (174g). > Item Details
Chinese Garden Seat
Lot # 295 - Chinese Garden Seat
Chinese export. A famille verte porcelain hexagonal garden seat with pierced top and raised gilt bosses, all with a continuous landscape scene with birds and flowers, unmarked; ht. 18.25, wd. 11, dp. 11.5 in. > Item Details
Japanese Sterling <i>Kiku</i> Box
Lot # 304 - Japanese Sterling Kiku Box
Japanese, Meiji period. A lidded, sterling box, double walled, in the form of a Chrysanthemum in high relief, the interior with an inset mirror, having a two character Japanese mark for, sterling, 1868-1912; dia. 4.75 in., total wt. 10.97ozt (341.5g). > Item Details
Edwardian  Sterling Silver Bowl
Lot # 19 - Edwardian Sterling Silver Bowl
London, England. A sterling silver bowl with two winged mythological-beast handles, the exterior having repoussé floral decoration in an alternating striated swirl pattern, marks for London, Sterling, date mark 1903, with hallmarks JBC for John B. Carrington; dia. 8.5 in., silver wt. 22.69ozt (706g)... > Item Details
New York Coin Silver Salvers
Lot # 142 - New York Coin Silver Salvers
New York, mid-19th century. A pair of coin silver salvers each with bright cut design and die roll border, marked Successors to / Ball, Tompkins, and Black and Marquand & Co; dia. 9 in., silver wt. 24.33ozt (757g). > Item Details
English Sterling Tablespoons
Lot # 42 - English Sterling Tablespoons
England, ca 1910-1923. Three sterling silver tablespoons including one marked for Sheffield, Sterling, dated 1910, and hallmarked HA for Adkin Brothers; and two marked for London, Sterling, dated 1923, and hallmarked FS & S Ltd. for Francis Higgins & Sons; lg. 8.25 in., silver wt. 7.76ozt (241.5g). > Item Details
Arts and Crafts Dining Chairs
Lot # 411 - Arts and Crafts Dining Chairs
American, ca 1930s. Six oak Arts & Crafts dining chairs, two armchairs and four sides, all with pinned mortise and tenon construction and rush woven seats and backs, all unmarked; ht. 38.5 in. > Item Details
Continental Portrait of a British Royal Marines Officer
Lot # 70 - Continental Portrait of a British Royal Marines Officer
19th century, oil on canvas, a portrait of a British Navel officer, with label stating Walter Tiemenhiere / General Royal Marines Knight / of Hanover A.D.C. William / b. 1761 d. 1855 / married Frances D. of Thomas / ? sister of "Nimrod" on verso stretcher frame; 29.5 x 24.5 in. > Item Details
<i>Duhme</i> Coin Silver Tankard
Lot # 148 - Duhme Coin Silver Tankard
Cincinnati, Ohio. A Duhme coin silver tankard with a handle, having an applied rim and foot, marked Duhme & Co.; ht. 4.5 in., silver wt. 9.77ozt (304g). > Item Details
Two Pedestal Dining Table
Lot # 292 - Two Pedestal Dining Table
20th century. A two pedestal dining table in walnut, rising on two turned pedestal supports each with splayed reeded legs capped in brass castors; ht. 30, wd. 71, dp. 45.75 in., with two additional leaves, each wd. 11.75 in. > Item Details
Persian Sarouk Rug
Lot # 443 - Persian Sarouk Rug
Iranian, ca 1940s. A Sarouk rug; 11 ft., 11 in. x 13 ft., 7 in., (143 x 160 in., 363.22 x 406.4 cm). > Item Details
Bateman Sterling Teapot
Lot # 26 - Bateman Sterling Teapot
London, England, 1801. A sterling silver teapot by Peter, Ann, and William Bateman, having a wooden handle and finial, with marks for London, Sterling, dated 1801, and hallmarked PB/AB/WB for Peter, Ann, and William Bateman; ht. 6.5 in., silver wt. 14.53ozt (452g). > Item Details
ITEMS 1-20 of 20
SKIP TO PAGE: